Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/2955
Title: Sensitisation to foods and dust mite in Brazilian pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis
Authors: SWENSSON, A.CASTRO, A.CASAGRANDE, R.BITTENCOURT, T.YONAMINE, G.PASTORINO, A.JACOB, C.
Citation: ALLERGY, v.67, suppl.96, Special Issue, p.472-473, 2012
Abstract: Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complex disease that can be or not related to atopy. The IgE levels and the presence of sensitisation has been associated to AD severity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the allergen sensitisation profile in patients with moderate or severe atopic dermatitis in Brazilian patients from an allergy reference center. Methods: About 66 patients with diagnosis of atopic dermatitis according Hanifin e Rajka criteria (mean age 10 years) followed at a reference center for allergic disease in pediatric patients were included. The severity was evaluated according SCORAD (SCORing Atopic Dermatitis) criteria. Specific IgE was measured to the following allergens: Blomia tropicalis, D peteronyssinus, egg white, cow’s milk and its fractions. Sensitisation was considered positive when the ImmunoCAP values were ¡Y 0.35 kU/l and multi sensitisation was considered when patients presented positive specific IgE for all allergens tested. Table 1 Hapten Total, positive (n,%) Total, clinically relevant (n,%) Children, positive (n,%) Children, clinically relevant (n,%) Adolescents, positive (n,%) Adolescents, clinically relevant (n,%) Nickel sulphate 5% pet. 44 (34.6) 36 (28.3) 19 (29.7) 14 (21.9) 25 (39.7) 22 (34.9) Cobalt chloride 1% pet. 28 (22.0) 15 (11.8) 16 (25.0) 9 (14.1) 12 (19.0) 6 (9.5) Potassium dichromate 0.5% pet. 26 (20.5) 15 (11.8) 19 (29.7) 10 (15.6) 7 (11.1) 5 (7.9) Paraphenylenediamine 1% pet. 12 (9.4) 6 (4.7) 8 (12.5) 5 (7.8) 4 (6.3) 1 (1.6) Propolis 10% pet. 12 (9.4) 5 (3.9) 11 (17.2) 5 (7.8) 1 (1.6) 0 (0.0) Palladium chloride 2% pet. 12 (9.4) 4 (3.1) 6 (9.4) 2 (3.1) 6 (9.5) 2 (3.2) Fragrance Mix I 18% pet. 10 (7.9) 4 (3.1) 4 (6.3) 2 (3.1) 6 (9.5) 2 (3.2) Neomycin sulphate 20% pet. 6 (4.7) 2 (1.6) 4 (6.3) 2 (3.1) 2 (3.2) 0 (0.0) Balsam of Peru (Myroxylon pereirae ) 25% pet. 6 (4.7) 1 (0.8) 4 (6.3) 1 (1.6) 2 (3.2) 0 (0.0) Colophonium 20% pet. 5 (3.9) 4 (3.1) 2 (3.1) 2 (3.1) 3 (4.8) 2 (3.2) Wool alcohols (lanolin) 30% pet. 5 (3.9) 3 (2.4) 3 (4.7) 3 (4.7) 2 (3.2) 0 (0.0) Paraben Mix 16% pet. 4 (3.1) 4 (3.1) 3 (4.7) 3 (4.7) 1 (1.6) 1 (1.6) Kathon CG (MI/MCI) 0.01% aqua 4 (3.1) 2 (1.6) 3 (4.7) 2 (3.1) 1 (1.6) 0 (0.0) Results: Among 66 patients included, 12 presented severe AD and 54 moderated. Sixty two of the 66 (93%) patients studied showed positive sensitization to any of the allergens, being aeroallergens the most prevalent (53/56), followed by egg white (29/53) and milk (31/66). Serum levels of specific IgE to aerollergens were significantly higher than for food allergens (P< 0.001). Specific IgE levels did not differ according severity (P> 0.05 for all allergens evaluated About 23 patients presented multi sensitization (17 moderate and six severe) without significant difference between both groups. Conclusion: There was an elevate rate of sensitisation in this group of patients being aeroallergens the most frequent and with higher specific IgE levels. AD severity did not contribute to increase sensitisation. More studies should be performed in order to evaluate if these findings can lead to specific therapeutic strategies as specific immunotherapy or food avoidance.
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Comunicações em Eventos - FM/MPE
Departamento de Pediatria - FM/MPE

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/ICr
Instituto da Criança - HC/ICr

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/36
LIM/36 - Laboratório de Pediatria Clínica


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