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Title: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in Brazil: Results from the epidemiology of LUTS (Brazil LUTS) study
Authors: SOLER, RobertoGOMES, Cristiano MendesAVERBECK, Marcio AugustoKOYAMA, Mitti
Citation: NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, v.37, n.4, p.1356-1364, 2018
Abstract: Aims: We performed the first large population-based study to evaluate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in Brazil. The study objective was to assess the prevalence and bother of LUTS in the population aged >= 40 years in five major cities of Brazil. Methods: This study was conducted as a telephone survey with assessment of LUTS using a standardized protocol, which included the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and, for overactive bladder (OAB), the OAB-V8 questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate how often they experienced individual LUTS and the degree of associated bother. Results: Of the 5184 participants, 53% were women, and the age group with most participants (34%) was 50-59 years. The prevalence of LUTS (symptoms occurring less than half the time or more) was 75%: 69% in men and 82% in women. There was a statistically significant association between the frequency and bother intensity of each symptom (P < 0.001). The prevalence of OAB was similar in men and women (25% and 24%, respectively). According to the IPSS questionnaire, moderate-tosevere symptoms were present in 21% of men and 24% of women. LUTS detrimentally affected quality of life in many individuals: 39% would be ""mostly dissatisfied,"" ""unhappy,"" or consider it ""terrible"" to spend the rest of their life with their urinary condition as it is currently. Conclusions: This was the first nationwide, population-based epidemiological study of LUTS to be performed in Brazil. LUTS are highly prevalent and often bothersome among men and women aged = 40 years.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IOT
Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia - HC/IOT

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