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Title: Dysfunctional Family Environment in Children at High Risk for Bipolar Disorder
Authors: MOREIRA, Carolina R. L.FERREIRA, Guilherme S.KLEINMAN, AnaNADER, EdmirGOMES, Bernardo C.TEIXEIRA, Ana MariaBUSATTO, Geraldo F.LAFER, BenyCAETANO, Sheila C.
Citation: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, v.71, n.8, suppl.S, p.281S-282S, 2012
Abstract: Background: Children of parents with bipolar disorder (BD) are at heightened risk for developing psychiatric disorders. Environmental influences including family traits have been established as risk factors for psychopathology in children of affectively disordered parents. Our study evaluated the environment of families with at least one parent with BD compared to the environment of families with no history of axis I major psychiatric disorders (FNH). In addition, we compared the environment of BD families with offspring with BD or other psychiatric diagnoses (OPD), BD families with unaffected offspring (UO), and FNH. Methods: We used the Family Environment Scale to evaluate 47 BD families with at least one parent with a DSM-IV BD type I diagnosis and 30 FNH. BD and healthy parents were assessed through the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). Offspring of BD and healthy parents were ascertained through the K-SADS-PL interview. Results: Families with BD parents presented lower levels of family cohesion (p=0.001), intellectual-cultural orientation (p=0.005), active-recreational orientation (p=0.002) and organization (p[[Unsupported Character - ˂]]0.001), and higher levels of conflict (p[[Unsupported Character - ˂]]0.001) and control (p=0.04) compared to FNH. Secondary analysesrevealed significant difference between OBD, UO and FNH in cohesion (p=0.003), intellectual-cultural orientation (p=0,01), active-recreational orientation (p=0,007), conflict (p=0,001), control (p=0,01) and organization (p=0,001). BD families with affected offspring showed higher levels of control (p=0.02) compared to BD families with unaffected offspring. Conclusions: Families with BD parent show dysfunctional interaction among members. Moreover, the presence of BD or other psychiatric diagnosis in BD offspring is associated to higher levels of control.
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Comunicações em Eventos - FM/MPS
Departamento de Psiquiatria - FM/MPS

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/21
LIM/21 - Laboratório de Neuroimagem em Psiquiatria

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