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Title: Hypoglycemia and Elevated Troponin in Patients With Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease
Authors: REZENDE, Paulo C.EVERETT, Brendan M.BROOKS, Maria MoriVLACHOS, HelenORCHARD, Trevor J.FRYE, Robert L.BHATT, Deepak L.HLATKY, Mark A.
Citation: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, v.72, n.15, p.1778-1786, 2018
Abstract: BACKGROUND Diabetic medications can cause hypoglycemia, which may lead to myocardial damage. OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether hypoglycemia is associated with higher levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hsTnT). METHODS The BARI 2D (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes) trial randomized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and stable coronary artery disease, and closely followed them for hypoglycemia over the first year. Hypoglycemia was classified by maximum severity and frequency. hsTnT was measured at baseline and 1 year, and analyzed using multivariabte regression. RESULTS Of 1,984 patients, follow-up hypoglycemia was absent in 1,026 (52%) patients, mild in 875 (44%), and severe in 83 (4%), and occurred less than weekly in 561 (28%) and greater than or equal to weekly in 397 (20%). hsTnT levels were associated with hypoglycemia: a median of 11.4 ng/l (interquartite range [IQR]: 8.1 to 17.3 ng/l) for none, 12.5 ng/l (IQR: 8.3 to 19.3 ng/l) for mild, and 13.7 ng/l (IQR: 9.9 to 24.9 ng/l) for severe hypoglycemia (p 0.0001); and 12.5 ng/l (IQR: 8.3 to 181 ng/l) for less than weekly and 13.0 ng/l (IQR: 8.8 to 21.1 ng/l for greater than or equal to weekly hypoglycemia (p 0.0013). Severe hypoglycemia was associated with 34% higher 1-year hsTnT levels (p < 0.0001) in unadjusted analysis, 17% higher (p =0.006) after adjustment for baseline factors unrelated to diabetes, and 6% higher (p =0.23) after further adjustment for the duration and severity of diabetes. Hypoglycemia greater than or equal to weekly was associated with 14% higher hsTnT (p =0.0003) in unadjusted analysis, 12% higher (p =0.0002) after adjustment for baseline factors unrelated to diabetes, and 4% higher (p =0.16) after adjustment for diabetes related factors. CONCLUSIONS Hypoglycemia was associated with elevated hsTnT levels, but this may be due to more severe diabetes in patients who developed hypoglycemia, rather than the direct result of hypoglycemia. (C) 2018 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor

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