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Title: Longitudinal changes in brain volumetry and cognitive functions after moderate and severe diffuse axonal injury
Authors: FELTRIN, Fabricio StewanZANINOTTO, Ana LuizaGUIRADO, Vinicius M. P.MACRUZ, FabiolaSAKUNO, DanielDALAQUA, MarianaMAGALHAES, Luiz Gustavo AntunesPAIVA, Wellingson SilvaANDRADE, Almir Ferreira deOTADUY, Maria C. G.LEITE, Claudia C.
Citation: BRAIN INJURY, v.32, n.11, p.1413-1422, 2018
Abstract: Background and objective: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) induces a long-term process of brain atrophy and cognitive deficits. The goal of this study was to determine whether there are correlations between brain volume loss, microhaemorrhage load (MHL) and neuropsychological performance during the first year after DAI. Methods: Twenty-four patients with moderate or severe DAI were evaluated at 2, 6 and 12 months post-injury. MHL was evaluated at 3months, and brain volumetry was evaluated at 3, 6 and 12 months. The trail making test (TMT) was used to evaluate executive function (EF), and the Hopkins verbal learning test (HVLT) was used to evaluate episodic verbal memory (EVM) at 6 and 12 months. Results: There were significant white matter volume (WMV), subcortical grey matter volume and total brain volume (TBV) reductions during the study period (p < 0.05). MHL was correlated only with WMV reduction. EF and EVM were not correlated with MHL but were, in part, correlated with WMV and TBV reductions. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that MHL may be a predictor of WMV reduction but cannot predict EF or EVM in DAI. Brain atrophy progresses over time, but patients showed better EF and EVM in some of the tests, which could be due to neuroplasticity.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDR
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InRad
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/26
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/44

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