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Title: Proliferative biomarkers in Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Clinical, radiological and functional significance
Citation: HISTOPATHOLOGY, v.61, suppl.1, Special Issue, p.208-208, 2012
Abstract: Introduction: The natural course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) could be predicted by proliferative markers of the fibrotic process, such as myofibroblasts and interleukins (IL)-13 and IL14. Our primary aim was to determine whether these proliferative markers influence the course of IPF measured by a radiological/functional score. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight patients with biopsy-proven IPF, who underwent pulmonary evaluation by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) fibrosis score and pulmonary function tests, were included in the study. Five normal lung tissues (NLT) were included. Biomarkers in lung tissue were detected by immuno-histochemistry and quantified by histomorphometry for myofibroblasts including alpha-smooth muscle actin (a-SMA), anti-interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13. Results: Myofibrobalst amount, IL-4 and IL-13 expression were higher in IPF than in NLT (P < 0.01). Myofibroblast expression of a-SMA was positively correlated to IL-14 and IL-13 expression. Lung tissue from patients with high HRCT fibrosis scores expressed significantly greatera-SMA+, IL-4 and IL-13 when compared to patients with low HRCT fibrosis scores (P < 0.05). Negative correlations were found between myofibroblasta-SMA+, vital capacity and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide. Conclusions: Proliferative markers, detected by immunohistochemistry, in lung tissue allowed the recognition of a dichotomous distribution of HRCT fibrosis course and influenced pulmonary function tests, suggesting that they may be promising markers of prognosis in these patients.
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Comunicações em Eventos - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

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