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Title: Unusual Clinical Manifestations of Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi in an HIV-coinfected Patient and the Relevance of ITS1-PCR-RFLP: A Case Report
Authors: DE, De Godoy Natalia SouzaDEMARCHI, Aiello VeraMAIA, De Souza ReginaTHELMA, OkayALMEIDA, Braz Lucia Maria
Citation: IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, v.13, n.4, p.655-660, 2018
Abstract: Patients coinfected with Leishmania/HIV can develop atypical forms of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), making it indispensable to identify the etiological agent. We are presenting a postmortemspecie definition by ITS1-PCR-RFLP in a larynx tissue of a patient presented coinfection Leishmania/HIV. This patient was from a leishmaniasis endemic region in Sao Paulo(SP), Brazil, and was diagnosed clinically with mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Before a rK39 immunochromatographic test positive, a tiny stored paraffin-embedded larynx tissue wasobtained post-mortem and submitted to 3 conventional PCR assays: kDNA (K20/K22 and RV1/RV2), and ITS1 (LITSR/L5.8S). The last one was followed by RFLP (HaeIII) and analyzed by 4% Metaphor agarose gel electrophoresis. Leishmania genus and Leishmania (Leishmania) subgenus were defined by kDNA-PCR, with K20/K22 (120 bp) and RV1/RV2 (145 bp), respectively. ITS1-PCR-RFLP identified L. (L.) infantum chagasi species visualized by the restriction patterns of 180, 70 and 50 bp. This case draws attention to the necessity for a clear identification of the etiological agent causing infection, especially in endemicregions of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, and particularly in patients with comorbidities who often present atypical forms of the disease. L. (L.) infantum chagasi, which is usually responsible for VL, had changed its clinical spectrum for mucocutaneous. Unequivocal identification was carried out by ITS-PCR-RFLP, therefore confirming rK39 result. These techniques, which complemented each other, have a convenient cost-benefit ratio that makes them suitable to be applied in developing countries.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPE
Departamento de Pediatria - FM/MPE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - IMT
Instituto de Medicina Tropical - IMT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/38
LIM/38 - Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/46
LIM/46 - Laboratório de Parasitologia Médica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/48
LIM/48 - Laboratório de Imunologia

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ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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