|Title:||Influence of the concentration and molecular composition on the LDL and HDL functional characteristics in patients with the metabolic syndrome|
|Authors:||CASELLA-FILHO, Antonio; TROMBETTA, Ivani C.; CASELLA, Lia B.; DENARDI, Celise; DOURADO, Paulo; SEGRE, Alexandre; ROEVER-BORGES, Leonardo; NEGRAO, Carlos Eduardo; MARANHAO, Raul; CHAGAS, Antonio Carlos|
|Citation:||CIRCULATION, v.125, n.19, p.E906-E906, 2012|
|Abstract:||Introduction: Long-term exercise associated with diet changes lipoproteins plasma levels. Objectives: We sought to analize the effects of short-term exercise training without any specific diet (T) on the concentration,composition and functional characteristics of LDL and HDL in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: Forty sedentary persons were studied,30 with MS and 10 controls.Twenty of those with MS were subjected to a 3 times/week controlled training load (45 min/day) for 3 months on a bicycle ergometer.LDL and HDL subfractions were obtained by plasma ultracentrifugation 1 and their compositions were analyzed. LDL from control subjects was incubated with HDL2a,HDL3b from the MS patients (before and after T) and the in vitro resistance to oxidation was verified. An artificial lipoprotein emulsion (LDE) labeled with 14C-phospholipid, 3 H-triglycerides, 14 C-cholesterol and 3 H-cholesteryl ester was incubated with plasma from the participants. After precipitation of VLDL, LDL and LDE the HDL-containing supernatant was counted for radioactivity to verify the HDL ability to accept lipids. 2 Results: T decreased triglycerides (TG) but did not change apoB,apoA-I,LDL-C and HDL-C plasma levels. LDL resistance to oxidation increased (+91%) after T,associated with a decrease in the LDL content of apoB (-16%) and TG (-14%) and in the concentration of the small and dense LDL particles. Oxidizability of control LDL decreased when mixed with HDL2a or 3b from patients with MS, before vs. after T (-23% for HDL2a and -18% for HDL3b),associated with an increase in PON1 activity in the MS group (58.3±36.2 before vs.70.7±38.4ng/ml/min after T, p<0.05) and with a significant decrease in the content of total cholesterol (TC) and TG in HDL3b and HDL3c but with an increase in cholesterol ester (CE) in HDL3b. T did not significantly modify concentrations of TC and TG in HDL2a, 2b and 3a. Phospholipids and total protein content did not change in all HDL subfractions.T significantly increased free cholesterol and CE transfer from LDE to HDL in MS group to levels similar to those observed in controls. Conclusion: In patients with the MS, T influences the LDL and HDL functionality by earlier changes in molecular composition rather than their concentration, emphasizing the early benefits of exercise and highlighting the importance of evaluating the functional aspects of the lipoproteins besides their plasma levels|
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Comunicações em Eventos - HC/InCor
Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/31
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