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Title: The role of therapy with aminoglycoside in the outcomes of kidney transplant recipients infected with polymyxin- and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Authors: FREIRE, Maristela P.GARCIA, Doroti de OliveiraCURY, Ana PaulaFRANCISCO, Gabriela R.SANTOS, Nathamy F. dosSPADAO, FernandaBUENO, Maria Fernanda CampagnariCAMARGO, Carlos HenriquePAULA, Flavio J. deROSSI, FlaviaNAHAS, Willian C.DAVID-NETO, EliasPIERROTTI, Ligia C.
Abstract: Kidney transplant recipients are at risk for infections due to carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Polymyxin-resistant CRE (PR-CRE) infections are especially difficult to treat. The aim of this study was to characterize PR-CRE infections among kidney transplant recipients and identify risk factors for treatment failure. This retrospective cohort study involved all kidney transplant recipients with PR-CRE infection between 2013 and 2017 at our center. Minimal inhibitory concentrations for polymyxin B were determined by broth microdilution. Carbapenem-resistant genes (bla(KPC), bla(NDM), and bla(OXA-48)), aminoglycoside-resistance genes, and polymyxin-resistant gene mcr-1 were identified by polymerase chain reaction. All but one of the 47PR-CRE infections identified were due to Klebsiella pneumoniae. The most common type of infection (in 54.3%) was urinary tract infection (UTI). Monotherapy was used in 10 cases. Combined treatment regimens included double-carbapenem therapy in 19 cases, oral fosfomycin in 19, and amikacin in 13. Treatment failure occurred in 21 cases (45.7%). Clinical success was achieved 78.9% of patients who used aminoglycosides versus 37.0% of those who not used this drug (p=0.007). Multivariate analysis showed diabetes mellitus to be a risk factor for treatment failure; amikacin use and UTI were found to be protective. Nine strains were RmtB producers. Although aminoglycosides constitute an important therapeutic option for PR-CRE infection, the emergence of aminoglycoside resistance could have a major impact on the management of CRE infection.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCG
Departamento de Cirurgia - FM/MCG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/47
LIM/47 - Laboratório de Hepatologia por Vírus

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/55
LIM/55 - Laboratório de Urologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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