Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/3173
Title: The association between family functioning and childhood trauma and cognition in patients with bipolar disorder type I
Authors: BIO, D. S.MONTEIRO, R. O.SOEIRO-DE-SOUZA, M.MORENO, D.MORENO, R. A.
Citation: BIPOLAR DISORDERS, v.15, suppl.1, Special Issue, p.125-125, 2013
Abstract: Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by high levels of childhood trauma as well as of cognitive dysfunction. Our aim is to investigate the association between these two factors in bipolar patients and in healthy controls. Methods: A total of 35 patients with BD in euthymia, aged between 18 and 40 years old, were recruited at Hospital das Clinicas in São Paulo, Brazil. Ninety four healthy volunteers (HC) (predominantly medical students) aged between 18 and 40 years old, with no current or past history of psychiatric disorder, were recruited from the University of São Paulo. Information about early life stress was obtained using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Cognitive function was assessed through a comprehensive and standardized neuropsychological test battery, including social cognition – Facial Emotional Recognized (FER). Results: In the BD group we observed: that physical abuse was significantly associated with reduced scores on verbal recall (p = 0.04) and with fewer recognized of “fear” faces (p = 0.02); sexual abuse and physical neglect were significantly associated with reduced scores on executive function scales (p = 0.02 to p = 0.04); emotional neglect was significantly associated only with reduced scores on recognized of “anger” faces; emotional abuse was significantly associated with reduced scores on attentional process (p = 0.02), verbal task from the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) (p = 0.01), and recognized “anger” faces; pshysical neglect was yet significantly associated with reduced scores on verbal and performance tasks and IQ from the WASI (p = 0.02 to p < 0.001), and FER scores on the Emotion Hexagon (Hx) tests and e Ekman 60 Faces (EK60) total scores. In the control HC, Emotional Neglect and Physical Neglect was significantly associated with reduced scores on verbal and performance tasks and IQ from the WASI (p = 0.02 to p < 0.001), working memory (p = 0.01) and executive function (p = 0.01to p = 0.007); Emotional Neglect and Sexual Abuse was significantly associated with reduced scores on verbal fluency; and significantly reduced scores on FER was observed in emotional abuse (p = 0.03), Physical Neglect (p = 0.04 to p = 0.008) and Sexual Abuse (p = 0.04). Discussion: Our results indicate that childhood trauma is associated with a reduction in cognitive function across cognitive domains in patients with BD and HC, in particular social cognition, working memory and executive function as well as general cognition.
Appears in Collections:

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/23
LIM/23 - Laboratório de Psicopatologia e Terapêutica Psiquiátrica


Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.