Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Brain Structure in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: The OCD Brain Imaging Consortium (OBIC) Multi-Center Voxel-Based Morphometry Study
Authors: HEUVEL, Odile A. van denALONSO, PinoSCHWEREN, Lizanne J. S.MATAIX-COLS, DavidVELTMAN, Dick J.MENCHON, Jose M.LOCHNER, ChristineNAKAMAE, TakashiKWON, Jun SooHOEXTER, Marcelo Q.FIGEE, MartijnMAS, Caries SorianoFOUCHE, Jean-PaulNISHIDA, SeijiJUNG, Wi HoonSATO, Soao R.DENYS, Damiaan A. J. P.STEIN, Dan J.
Citation: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, v.71, n.8, suppl.S, p.179S-180S, 2012
Abstract: Background: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have shown altered regional grey (GM) and white matter (WM) volume of frontal-striatal and limbic regions. Recent meta-analyses were usefulto evaluate the consistency across individual VBM studies. However, a mega-analysis of pooled data provides increased statistical power to study more subtle abnormalities or specific demographic and clinical parameters. Methods: By combining resources, the OCD Brain Imaging Consortium (OBIC) enabled a multi-center mega-analysis on 1.5 Tesla T1-weighted MRI scans of 446 OCD patients and 388 controls, using DARTEL VBM (SPM8). Analyses included two-sample T tests for group comparisons (e.g., patients vs. controls, medicated vs. non-medicated patients) and regression analyses to study the effects of age, symptom profiles, and disease severity on regional GM and WM volume. Effects are reported at p<0.05 FWE-corrected. Results: OCD patients have significantly decreased GM volume of the dorsomedial prefrontal, insular and orbitofrontal cortex. Regional WM volume was decreased in the frontal regions and thalamus, areas connecting prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. A group x age effect was found at lower statistical significance (p<0.001 uncorrected) in the bilateral striatum and insular cortex, suggesting relative preservation of volume in the striatum and relative loss of volume in the insula with increasing age in OCD patients compared with controls. There was no effect of disease severity and medication on regional GM or WM volume. Conclusions: OCD patients show altered GM and WM volume of frontalstriatal and limbic regions, possibly partly related to altered brain development and maturation during life.
Appears in Collections:

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/21
LIM/21 - Laboratório de Neuroimagem em Psiquiatria

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.