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Title: Protein disulfide isomerase plasma levels in healthy humans reveal proteomic signatures involved in contrasting endothelial phenotypes
Authors: OLIVEIRA, Percillia Victoria Santos deGARCIA-ROSA, SheilaSACHETTO, Ana Teresa AzevedoMORETTI, Ana Iochabel SoaresDEBBAS, VictorBESSA, Tiphany Coralie DeSILVA, Nathalia TenguanPEREIRA, Alexandre da CostaMARTINS-DE-SOUZA, DanielSANTORO, Marcelo LaramiLAURINDO, Francisco Rafael Martins
Citation: REDOX BIOLOGY, v.22, article ID UNSP 101142, 14p, 2019
Abstract: Redox-related plasma proteins are candidate reporters of protein signatures associated with endothelial structure/function. Thiol-proteins from protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family are unexplored in this context. Here, we investigate the occurrence and physiological significance of a circulating pool of PDI in healthy humans. We validated an assay for detecting PDI in plasma of healthy individuals. Our results indicate high inter-individual (median = 330 pg/mL) but low intra-individual variability over time and repeated measurements. Remarkably, plasma PDI levels could discriminate between distinct plasma proteome signatures, with PDI-rich ( > median) plasma differentially expressing proteins related to cell differentiation, protein processing, housekeeping functions and others, while PDI-poor plasma differentially displayed proteins associated with coagulation, inflammatory responses and immunoactivation. Platelet function was similar among individuals with PDI-rich vs. PDI-poor plasma. Remarkably, such protein signatures closely correlated with endothelial function and phenotype, since cultured endothelial cells incubated with PDI-poor or PDI-rich plasma recapitulated gene expression and secretome patterns in line with their corresponding plasma signatures. Furthermore, such signatures translated into functional responses, with PDI-poor plasma promoting impairment of endothelial adhesion to fibronectin and a disturbed pattern of wound-associated migration and recovery area. Patients with cardiovascular events had lower PDI levels vs. healthy individuals. This is the first study describing PDI levels as reporters of specific plasma proteome signatures directly promoting contrasting endothelial phenotypes and functional responses.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/13
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/64

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