Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/31948
Title: Approaches to the Diagnosis and Management of Atrial-Esophageal Fistula After Catheter Ablation for Atrial Arrhythmias
Authors: WU, Tan ChenPISANI, CristianoSCANAVACCA, Mauricio I.
Citation: CURRENT CARDIOVASCULAR RISK REPORTS, v.13, n.4, article ID 8, 10p, 2019
Abstract: Purpose of ReviewCatheter ablation has become a cornerstone of therapy in the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Thermal energy generated in the left atrium (LA) during ablation has the potential to damage adjacent structures. The most feared and rare complication in these ablations is atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) result from the thermal injury to the esophagus due to the proximity to the LA, with potential catastrophic outcome. This review focuses on the diagnosis and management of AEF after catheter ablation for AF, including preventive measures to avoid esophageal lesions.Recent FindingsSymptoms of AEF are often vague and nonspecific, sometimes asymptomatic until they present with fistula or perforation, making the diagnosis somewhat challenging. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy is the gold standard for early detection of esophageal lesions related to AF ablation. Chest CT with oral and intravenous contrast is preferred when there is suspicion of perforation. The use of an esophageal temperature probe during ablation to monitoring esophageal temperature, associated with mechanical displacement of the esophagus, may be feasible to prevent thermal esophageal lesions and enabling adequate energy delivery to the posterior wall of the LA. Prophylactic use of proton pump inhibitors after AF ablation is accepted to be effective and justified as preventive treatment.SummaryAEF is an unpredictable complication. Be aware of these complications in the follow-up of patients after AF ablation can lead to the early recognition to start treatment, including surgical repair, as soon as possible to prevent the fatal outcome.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor

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