Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A Systematic Risk Assessment and Meta-Analysis on the Use of Oral beta-Alanine Supplementation
Authors: DOLAN, EimearSWINTON, Paul A.PAINELLI, Vitor de SallesHEMINGWAY, Benedict StephensMAZZOLANI, BrunaSMAIRA, Fabiana InfanteSAUNDERS, BryanARTIOLI, Guilherme G.GUALANO, Bruno
Citation: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION, v.10, n.3, p.452-463, 2019
Abstract: beta-Alanine supplementation is one of the world's most commonly used sports supplements, and its use as a nutritional strategy in other populations is ever-increasing, due to evidence of pleiotropic ergogenic and therapeutic benefits. Despite its widespread use, there is only limited understanding of potential adverse effects. To address this, a systematic risk assessment and meta-analysis was undertaken. Four databases were searched using keywords and Medical Subject Headings. All human and animal studies that investigated an isolated, oral, beta-alanine supplementation strategy were included. Data were extracted according to 5 main outcomes, including 1) side effects reported during longitudinal trials, 2) side effects reported during acute trials, 3) effect of supplementation on circulating health-related biomarkers, 4) effect of supplementation on skeletal muscle taurine and histidine concentration, and 5) outcomes from animal trials. Quality of evidence for outcomes was ascertained using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) framework, and all quantitative data were meta-analyzed using multilevel models grounded in Bayesian principles. In total, 101 human and 50 animal studies were included. Paraesthesia was the only reported side effect and had an estimated OR of 8.9 [95% credible interval (CrI): 2.2, 32.6] with supplementation relative to placebo. Participants in active treatment groups experienced similar dropout rates to those receiving the placebo treatment. beta-Alanine supplementation caused a small increase in circulating alanine aminotransferase concentration (effect size, ES: 0.274, CrI: 0.04, 0.527), although mean data remained well within clinical reference ranges. Meta-analysis of human data showed no main effect of beta-alanine supplementation on skeletal muscle taurine (ES: 0.156; 95% CrI: -0.38, 0.72) or histidine (ES: -0.15; 95% CrI: -0.64, 0.33) concentration. A main effect of beta-alanine supplementation on taurine concentration was reported for murine models, but only when the daily dose was >= 3% beta-alanine in drinking water. The results of this review indicate that beta-alanine supplementation within the doses used in the available research designs, does not adversely affect those consuming it.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/17
LIM/17 - Laboratório de Investigação em Reumatologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/06
ODS/06 - Água potável e saneamento

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
publishedVersion (English)786.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.