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Title: Effects of crystalloid, hyper-oncotic albumin, and iso-oncotic albumin on lung and kidney damage in experimental acute lung injury
Authors: MENDES, Renata de S.OLIVEIRA, Milena V.PADILHA, Gisele A.ROCHA, Nazareth N.SANTOS, Cintia L.MAIA, Ligia A.FERNANDES, Marcos V. de S.CRUZ, Fernanda F.OLSEN, Priscilla C.CAPELOZZI, Vera L.ABREU, Marcelo Gama dePELOSI, PaoloROCCO, Patricia R. M.SILVA, Pedro L.
Citation: RESPIRATORY RESEARCH, v.20, article ID 155, 11p, 2019
Abstract: BackgroundConflicting data have reported beneficial effects of crystalloids, hyper-oncotic albumin (20%ALB), and iso-oncotic albumin (5%ALB) in critically ill patients. Although hyper-oncotic albumin may minimize lung injury, recent studies have shown that human albumin may lead to kidney damage proportional to albumin concentration. In this context, we compared the effects of Ringer's lactate (RL), 20%ALB, and 5%ALB, all titrated according to similar hemodynamic goals, on pulmonary function, lung and kidney histology, and molecular biology in experimental acute lung injury (ALI).MethodsMale Wistar rats received Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide intratracheally (n=24) to induce ALI. After 24h, animals were anesthetized and randomly assigned to receive RL, 20%ALB, or 5%ALB (n=6/group) to maintain hemodynamic stability (distensibility index of inferior vena cava <25%, mean arterial pressure>65mmHg). Rats were then mechanically ventilated for 6h. Six animals, which received neither ventilation nor fluids (NV), were used for molecular biology analyses.ResultsThe total fluid volume infused was higher in RL compared to 5%ALB and 20%ALB (median [interquartile range], 10.8[8.2-33.2] vs. 4.8[3.6-7.7] and 4.3[3.9-6.6] mL, respectively; p=0.02 and p=0.003). B-line counts on lung ultrasound (p<0.0001 and p=0.0002) and serum lactate levels (p=0.01 and p=0.01) were higher in RL than 5%ALB and 20%ALB. Diffuse alveolar damage score was lower in 5%ALB (10.5[8.5-12]) and 20%ALB (10.5[8.5-14]) than RL (16.5[12.5-20.5]) (p<0.05 and p=0.03, respectively), while acute kidney injury score was lower in 5%ALB (9.5[6.5-10]) than 20%ALB (18[15-28.5], p=0.0006) and RL (16 [15-19], p=0.04). In lung tissue, mRNA expression of interleukin (IL)-6 was higher in RL (59.1[10.4-129.3]) than in 5%ALB (27.0[7.8-49.7], p=0.04) or 20%ALB (3.7[7.8-49.7], p=0.03), and IL-6 protein levels were higher in RL than 5%ALB and 20%ALB (p=0.026 and p=0.021, respectively). In kidney tissue, mRNA expression and protein levels of kidney injury molecule (KIM)-1 were lower in 5%ALB than RL and 20%ALB, while nephronectin expression increased (p=0.01 and p=0.01), respectively.ConclusionsIn a rat model of ALI, both iso-oncotic and hyper-oncotic albumin solutions were associated with less lung injury compared to Ringer's lactate. However, hyper-oncotic albumin resulted in greater kidney damage than iso-oncotic albumin. This experimental study is a step towards future clinical designs.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

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