Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/33204
Title: Impact of route choice and period of the day on cyclists' exposure to black carbon in London, Rotterdam and Sao Paulo
Authors: BRAND, Veronika SassenKUMAR, PrashantDAMASCENA, Aline SantosPRITCHARD, John P.GEURS, Karst T.ANDRADE, Maria de Fatima
Citation: JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY, v.76, p.153-165, 2019
Abstract: Cyclists are exposed to direct traffic emissions due to their proximity to on-road vehicles. Several studies associate black carbon (BC) exposure with both mortality and morbidity caused by cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. We did a comparative assessment of cyclists' exposure to BC in three cities: London, Rotterdam and Sao Paulo. We measured personal exposure to BC during the peak and off-peak hours in all three cities using the same instrument. Three origin-destination (O-D) pairs, each with two routes, for a total of six routes, were chosen in each city. The first route of each O-D pair was along busy major roads and the other perceived to be clean passing close to green/blue/quiet areas. This work brings together results from three different Latin American and European cities, with an aim to understand the BC exposure variabilities while cycling during peak and off-peak hours, identify main pollution hotspots resulting in enhanced exposure and associate the measured concentrations with proximity to green areas and waterways. BC concentrations were higher during the morning-peak hours compared with evening-peak hours in Rotterdam and Sao Paulo. London showed an opposite trend, with higher concentrations during evening hours. In most cases, the cyclists using the alternative route were found to be less exposed to BC in London and Sao Paulo. In Rotterdam, the differences in absolute concentrations between main and alternate routes were modest. Each city is different but the common features among all were that the exposure is related to route choice, a period of the day and proximity with the mobile sources. These findings have implications in terms of considering the pollutants exposure when establishing new cycle routes.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/Outros
Outros departamentos - FM/Outros

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/05
LIM/05 - Laboratório de Poluição Atmosférica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/11
ODS/11 - Cidades e comunidades sustentáveis


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