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Title: Impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection on mortality of patients who acquired healthcare associated-infection in critical care unit
Authors: CASTRO-LIMA, Victor Augusto Camarinha deBORGES, Igor C.JOELSONS, DanielSALES, Vivian V. T.GUIMARAES, ThaisHO, Yeh LiCOSTA, Silvia F.MOURA, Maria Luisa N.
Citation: MEDICINE, v.98, n.23, article ID e15801, 8p, 2019
Abstract: To evaluate 30-day mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and non-HIV patients who acquired a healthcare-associated infection (HAI) while in an intensive care unit (ICU), and to describe the epidemiological and microbiological features of HAI in a population with HIV. This was a retrospective cohort study that evaluated patients who acquired HAI during their stay in an Infectious Diseases ICU from July 2013 to December 2017 at a teaching hospital in Brazil. Data were obtained from hospital infection control committee reports and medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS and a multivariate model was used to evaluate risk factors associated with 30-day mortality. Epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of HAI in HIV and non-HIV patients and 30-day mortality were also evaluated. Among 1045 patients, 77 (25 HIV, 52 non-HIV) patients acquired 106 HAI (31 HIV, 75 non-HIV patients). HIV patients were younger (45 vs 58 years, P=.002) and had more respiratory distress than non-HIV patients (60.0% vs 34.6%, P=.035). A high 30-day mortality was observed and there was no difference between groups (HIV, 52.0% vs non-HIV, 54.9%; P=.812). Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) was more frequent in the HIV group compared with the non-HIV group (45.2% vs 26.7%, P=.063), with a predominance of Gram-negative organisms. Gram-positive agents were the most frequent cause of catheter associated-bloodstream infections in HIV patients. Although there was a high frequency of HAI caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO), no difference was observed between the groups (HIV, 77.8% vs non-HIV, 64.3%; P=.214). Age was the only independent factor associated with 30-day mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.1, P=.017), while diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.64, 95% CI: 0.84-15.8, P=.085) and the Sequential Organ-Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 0.99-1.37, P=.071) had a tendency to be associated with death. HIV infection was not associated with a higher 30-day mortality in critical care patients with a HAI. Age was the only independent risk factor associated with death. VAP was more frequent in HIV patients, probably because of the higher frequency of respiratory conditions at admission, with a predominance of Gram-negative organisms.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MIP
Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias - FM/MIP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/49
LIM/49 - Laboratório de Protozoologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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