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Title: Age-related craniofacial differences based on spatio-temporal face image atlases
Authors: XAVIER, Igor R. R.GIRALDI, Gilson A.GIBSON, Stuart JamesGATTAS, Gilka J. F.RUECKERT, DanielTHOMAZ, Carlos E.
Citation: IET IMAGE PROCESSING, v.13, n.9, p.1561-1568, 2019
Abstract: A number of studies have been developed recently in order to explore associations between craniofacial differences and genetics. Most of these works have been based on spatial face image models, adjusted for the counter effects of age. This approach provides a limited understanding of normal and abnormal craniofacial development owing to the lack of age progression information. Here, the authors propose and implement an imaging framework that combines facial landmark positioning, non-rigid registration, novel age-dependent face modelling and common distance metrics to disclose the most facial differences that vary across the time due to the subjects' age. All the experiments carried out and corresponding results presented here are based on a database comprising ordinary two-dimensional (2D) frontal face images of Down Syndrome (DS) and control sample groups. A number of craniofacial metrics have been successfully identified that highlight statistically significant and clinically relevant differences between the controls and the faces associated with DS within the age range from 1 to 18 years old, producing realistic unbiased face models with similar level of detail at all age-intervals, despite the small sample size available.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MLS
Departamento de Medicina Legal, Ética Médica e Medicina Social e do Trabalho - FM/MLS

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/40
LIM/40 - Laboratório de Imunohematologia e Hematologia Forense

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