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Title: Impact of Growth Hormone Therapy on Adult Height in Patients with PTPN11 Mutations Related to Noonan Syndrome
Authors: MALAQUIAS, Alexsandra C.NORONHA, Renata M.SOUZA, Thaiana T. O.HOMMA, Thais K.FUNARI, Mariana F. A.YAMAMOTO, Guilherme L.SILVA, Fernanda VianaMORAES, Michelle B.HONJO, Rachel S.KIM, Chong A.NESI-FRANCA, SuzanaCARVALHO, Julienne A. R.QUEDAS, Elisangela P. S.BERTOLA, Debora R.JORGE, Alexander A. L.
Citation: HORMONE RESEARCH IN PAEDIATRICS, v.91, n.4, p.252-261, 2019
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment in patients with Noonan syndrome (NS). Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients (35 PTPN11+) were treated with rhGH, and 17 were followed-up until adult height. The outcomes were changes in growth velocity (GV) and height standard deviation scores (SDS) for normal (height-CDC SDS) and Noonan standards (height-NS SDS). Results: The pretreatment chronological age was 10.3 +/- 3.5 years. Height-CDC SDS and height-NS SDS were -3.1 +/- 0.7 and -0.5 +/- 0.6, respectively. PTPN11+ patients had a better growth response than PTPN11- patients. GV SDS increased from -1.2 +/- 1.8 to 3.1 +/- 2.8 after the first year of therapy in PTPN11+ patients, and from -1.9 +/- 2.6 to -0.1 +/- 2.6 in PTPN11- patients. The gain in height-CDC SDS during the first year was higher in PTPN11+ than PTPN11- (0.6 +/- 0.4 vs. 0.1 +/- 0.2, p = 0.008). Similarly, the gain was observed in height-NS SDS (0.6 +/- 0.3 vs. 0.2 +/- 0.2, respectively, p < 0.001). Among the patients that reached adult height (n = 17), AH-CDC SDS and AH-NS SDS were -2.1 +/- 0.7 and 0.7 +/- 0.8, respectively. The total increase in height SDS was 1.3 +/- 0.7 and 1.5 +/- 0.6 for normal and NS standards, respectively. Conclusions: This study supports the advantage of rhGH therapy on adult height in PTPN11+ patients. In comparison, PTPN11- patients showed a poor response to rhGH. However, this PTPN11- group was small, preventing an adequate comparison among different genotypes and no guarantee of response to therapy in genes besides PTPN11. (C) 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel
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LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/42
LIM/42 - Laboratório de Hormônios e Genética Molecular

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