Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/33601
Title: High five-year mortality rates of ischemic stroke subtypes: A prospective cohort study in Brazil
Authors: CABRAL, Norberto LuizNAGEL, VivianCONFORTO, Adriana B.MAGALHAES, Pedro S. C.VENANCIO, Vanessa G.SAFANELLI, JulianaIBIAPINA, FelipeMAZIN, SuleimyFRANCA, PauloLIBERATO, Rafaela M.LONGO, AlexandreZETOLA, Viviane F.
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STROKE, v.14, n.5, p.491-499, 2019
Abstract: Background Studies regarding long-term outcomes of ischemic stroke subtypes are scarce in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to measure the five-year prognosis of ischemic stroke subtypes in Joinville, Brazil. Methods All first-ever ischemic strokes that occurred in Joinville in 2010 were followed-up for five years. Results We included 334 ischemic stroke patients. Over five years, 156 died, 51 had a recurrent stroke, and 128 were free of recurrent stroke. The overall cumulative risk of death was 17% (95% CI, 13% to 22%) at 30 days and 47% (95% CI, 41% to 52%) after five years. Undetermined with incomplete investigation ischemic stroke had a significantly worse survival probability (beta -4.91; 95% CI, -6.31 to -3.50; p < 0.001), followed by cardioembolic ischemic stroke (beta -3.07; 95% CI, -4.32 to -1.83; p < 0.001) and large artery disease ischemic stroke (beta -1.95; 95% CI, -3.30 to -0.60; p = 0.005). The survival probability of undetermined with negative investigation or cryptogenic ischemic stroke did not differ significantly from small artery disease ischemic stroke (beta -1.022; 95% CI, -3.37 to -1.43; p = 0.414). The five-year mortality for small artery disease ischemic stroke was 30% (95% CI, 22% to 39%) and 47% (95% CI, 35% to 60%) for large artery ischemic stroke. The risk of stroke recurrence was 2% in the first year and 5% in the second year. The proportion of disability among survivors in the first month ranged from 8% (95% CI, 3-15) for small artery disease ischemic stroke to 40% (95% CI, 30-52) for cardioembolic ischemic stroke patients. Conclusions Cardioembolic and undetermined with incomplete investigation ischemic stroke sub-types have a poor long-term prognosis. An alarming finding was that our patients with both small and large artery ischemic stroke had higher five-year mortality rates compared with subjects from high-income countries.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar


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