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Title: Interleukin-15 and Interleukin-7 are the Major Cytokines to Maintain Endometriosis
Authors: BELLELIS, PatrickBARBEIRO, Denise FredianiGUEUVOGHLANIAN-SILVA, Barbara YasminKALIL, JorgeABRAO, Mauricio SimoesPODGAEC, Sergio
Citation: GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, v.84, n.5, p.435-444, 2019
Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate cytokines related to natural killer and T-regulatory cells in endometriotic lesions, peritoneal fluid (PF) and the peripheral blood (PB) of patients with deep infiltrative endometriosis. Study Design: A case-control study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. Sixty-four consecutive patients after laparoscopy were divided into 2 groups: with endometriosis (Group A - n = 32) and without endometriosis (Group B - n = 32). Main Outcome Measures: Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-10, IL-12, IL-15, transforming growth factor beta 1, and IFN gamma concentration was measured using a Luminex(TM) multiplex suspension bead array. Tissues from endometriotic lesions of patients with endometriosis and from eutopic endometrium were evaluated, as well as PF and PB of all patients. Results: Compared to the other analyzed groups, IL-15 concentration was significantly higher in the ectopic endometrium and IL-7 in the eutopic endometrium of the endometriosis group (p < 0.05). Compared to endometriosis group, IFN gamma, IL-7, and IL-15 were observed to be significantly higher in the PF of the control group, and IL-10 was lower in the control group (p < 0.05). In PB, compared to endometriosis group, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-15, and IFN gamma concentrations were significantly higher in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our hypothesis is that deep endometriosis is a disease out of control. This disease's nature is of progression and invasion of adjacent structures, and proof of this disease state is the disorganized secretion of cytokine regulation and inflammation, which seem to be among the factors responsible for the maintenance of the disease.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MOG
Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia - FM/MOG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/19
LIM/19 - Laboratório de Histocompatibilidade e Imunidade Celular

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LIM/51 - Laboratório de Emergências Clínicas

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/58
LIM/58 - Laboratório de Ginecologia Estrutural e Molecular

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