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Title: The learning curve effect on outcomes with frozen elephant trunk technique for extensive thoracic aorta disease
Authors: DINATO, Fabricio JoseDIAS, Ricardo RibeiroDUNCAN, Jose AugustoFERNANDES, FabioRAMIRES, Felix Jose AlvaresMADY, CharlesJATENE, Fabio Biscegli
Citation: JOURNAL OF CARDIAC SURGERY, v.34, n.9, p.796-802, 2019
Abstract: Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the learning curve effect on hospital mortality, postoperative outcomes, freedom from reintervention in the aorta and long-term survival after frozen elephant trunk (FET) operation. Methods From July 2009 to June 2018, 79 patients underwent surgery with the FET technique. They had type A aortic dissection (acute 7.6%, chronic 33%), type B aortic dissection (acute 1.26%, chronic 34.2%), and complex thoracic aortic aneurysm (24%). 27.8% were reoperations and 43% received concomitant cardiac procedures. To compare the results, the sample was divided into group 1 (G1) (first half of the sample - operations from 2009 to 2014) and group 2 (G2) (first half of the sample - operations from 2015 to 2018). Results The in-hospital mortality was 20.25%, 30.7% for G1 and 10% for G2 (P = .02). The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time, myocardial ischemia time, and selective cerebral perfusion at 25 degrees C time were 154 +/- 31, 118 +/- 32, and 59 +/- 12 minutes, respectively, similar for both groups. Stroke and spinal cord injury occurred in four and two patients, with no difference between groups (P = .61 and P = .24). The necessity for secondary intervention on the downstream aorta for both groups was also similar (P = .136). Five of sixty-three surviving patients died during the follow-up period and the estimated survival rate was different between groups 49% vs 88% (P = .007). Conclusion The learning curve with the FET procedure had a significant impact on hospital mortality and midterm survival over the follow-up period, albeit did not influence the freedom from reintervention on the downstream aorta.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

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