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Title: Transcranial direct current stimulation in obsessive-compulsive disorder: an update in electric field modeling and investigations for optimal electrode montage
Authors: SILVA, Renata de Melo Felipe daBATISTUZZO, Marcelo CamargoSHAVITT, Roseli GedankeMIGUEL, Euripedes ConstantinoSTERN, EmilyMEZGER, EvaPADBERG, FrankD'URSO, GiordanoBRUNONI, Andre R.
Citation: EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS, v.19, n.10, p.1025-1035, 2019
Abstract: Introduction: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation intervention that has been investigated for several psychiatric disorders, including Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). As there are several candidate brain regions for targeting OCD relevant networks, clinical studies using tDCS have considerably varied in terms of the electrode montages used. Computer modeling of electric field currents induced by tDCS can help guiding the research of relevant targets for OCD. In this review, the authors used this tool to investigate targeted brain areas from previous studies of tDCS in OCD. Areas covered: A literature search for articles with the keywords 'tDCS', 'Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation' and 'Obsessive Compulsive Disorder' was conducted to identify relevant publications. For comparing different electrode montages, electric field (EF) models were performed using high-resolution brain scan templates. Authors found 13 studies mostly showing an improvement in OCD symptoms. The electrode montages varied considerably between studies. Nonetheless, two main patterns of EFs could be identified: 'focal montages', with EFs concentrated in the prefrontal cortex, and 'diffuse montages', with widespread EFs over cortical areas. Expert opinion: Electric field simulation can guide future clinical trials in psychiatry, using personalized tDCS montages with distinct electrode positioning according to clusters of symptoms
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPS
Departamento de Psiquiatria - FM/MPS

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/23
LIM/23 - Laboratório de Psicopatologia e Terapêutica Psiquiátrica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/27
LIM/27 - Laboratório de Neurociências

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