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Title: Hybrid panel of biomarkers can be useful in the diagnosis of pleural and peritoneal effusions
Authors: FARIA, Daniel K.FARIA, Caroline S.DOI, DimitriaACENCIO, Milena M. P.ANTONANGELO, Leila
Citation: CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA, v.497, p.48-53, 2019
Abstract: Background: In clinical practice, pleural and peritoneal effusions are usual diagnosis. We evaluated the performance of a hybrid panel of biomarkers in the diagnosis of the main diseases affecting pleura and/or peritoneum. Methods: Samples of pleural/ peritoneal fluid from 120 patients were evaluated for: CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen), VEGF-A (vascular endothelial growth factor A), PD-L1/B7-H1 (programmed death-ligand 1), NGAL (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin), TREM-1 (triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells type-1) and IFN gamma (gamma-interferon) by Luminex (R); CALP (Calprotectin) by ELISA, and ADA (adenosine deaminase) by enzymatic deamination. Results: For malignant effusion (ME) diagnosis, CEA and NGAL presented superior performance than VEGF-A, PD-L1 and CALP. A CEA-NGAL association showed good sensitivity (86.6%) and accuracy (79.2%). For non-tuberculous infectious effusion (NTBIE), NGAL presented the best performance with sensitivity (75.0%), specificity (62.0%) and accuracy (65.0%) higher than TREM-1 and CALP; however, when associated, although with good sensitivity, there was important decrease in specificity. For tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE), IFNy-ADA presented excellent sensitivity (100%), specificity (87.6%), NPV (100%) and accuracies (similar to 90%). Conclusions: CEA, NGAL, ADA and IFNy were useful in discriminating ME and TPE. However, for NTBIE diagnosis, the hybrid panel did not demonstrate advantages over the classic parameters.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/09
LIM/09 - Laboratório de Pneumologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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