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Title: Chronic skull osteomyelitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans: first case report in an HIV-infected patient
Authors: ADIWARDANA, Natanael SutiknoMORAS, Juliana de AngeloBERNARDO, Leandro LomboKLAUTAU, Giselle BurlamaquiQUEIROZ, WladimirVIDAL, Jose Ernesto
Citation: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v.22, n.6, p.499-502, 2018
Abstract: Osteomyelitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans are described in mostly 10% of patients with disseminated cryptococcosis, being direct inoculation even more uncommon. We report the case of an HIV-infected patient with history of recurring itching on his scalp and repetitive local trauma. For eighteen months, he noticed a painful and slow growing lump on his scalp. He was submitted to an excisional biopsy of the lesion but no etiological diagnosis was identified. After this procedure, the post-surgical wound never completely healed. At admission, the patient presented nausea and headache for three days and an open orifice into his skull. Investigations confirmed meningitis and skull osteomyelitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. He was treated with bone debridement and combined systemic antifungals, showing good clinical and laboratorial outcome. Cryptococcal disease should be included in the differential diagnoses of chronic osteomyelitis in HIV-infected patients and trauma is a possible source of infection. (C) 2018 Sociedade Brasileira de Infectologia.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/49
LIM/49 - Laboratório de Protozoologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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