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Title: Determinants of Left Ventricular Dysfunction and Remodeling in Patients With Corrected Tetralogy of Fallot
Authors: ANDRADE, Ana CristinaJEROSCH-HEROLD, MichaelWEGNER, PhilipGABBERT, Dominik DanielVOGES, IngaMinh PhamSHAH, RaviHEDDERICH, JuergenKRAMER, Hans-HeinerRICKERS, Carsten
Citation: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, v.8, n.17, article ID e009618, 13p, 2019
Abstract: Background-The aim of this study was to identify in asymptomatic patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot the prevalence and determinants of impaired left-sided cardiac function and adverse ventricular remodeling and the relation of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and remodeling with cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. Methods and Results-In a cross-sectional study, 103 patients with tetralogy of Fallot (median age, 16.3 years) in New York Heart Association class 1, with surgical repair at a median age of 1.1 years, and 63 age-matched controls were studied. LV, right ventricular function and geometry, LV myocardial extracellular volume (n=57), and left atrial function were quantified with cardiac magnetic resonance. Peak oxygen consumption was measured by a standardized cardiopulmonary exercise test (n=70). Patients with tetralogy of Fallot had lower LV ejection fraction (P=0.001; 49% below age-adjusted fifth percentile for controls), lower LV mass index (P=0.003), lower LV mass/volume ratio (P<0.01), and impaired left atrial function. Right ventricular mass/volume ratio was the best predictor for LV systolic dysfunction and for a lower LV mass/volume ratio. Compared with controls, LV extracellular volume was higher (P<0.001), particularly in female patients, and associated with subnormal peak oxygen consumption (P=0.037). A peak oxygen consumption below the third percentile reference level was more likely with decreasing LV ejection fraction (P=0.008), and lower LV mass index (P=0.024), but independent of right ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions-In New York Heart Association class 1 patients with tetralogy of Fallot, frequent impaired systolic and diastolic LV function, LV adverse remodeling with LV atrophy, a decreased mass/volume ratio, and extracellular matrix expansion suggest cardiomyopathic changes. The best predictor for LV systolic dysfunction was the right ventricular mass/volume ratio. The subnormal peak oxygen consumption indicates that monitoring of LV status may be important for long-term prognosis.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor

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