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Title: Is High-intensity Focused Ultrasound Effective for the Treatment of Adenomyosis? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Authors: MARQUES, Ana Luiza SantosANDRES, Marina PaulaKHO, Rosanne M.ABRAO, Mauricio Simoes
Citation: JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY, v.27, n.2, p.332-343, 2020
Abstract: Study Objective: To systematically review the literature regarding the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in reducing adenomyotic lesions, patients' pain and bleeding symptoms, and the impact on patients' quality of life. Data Source: A search was performed through PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane databases. Methods of Study Selection: All available studies published in the English language in the last 10 years that evaluated the effects of HIFU for adenomyosis. Tabulation, Integration, and Results: A systematic review was performed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A meta-analysis was performed on data from homogeneous studies. Pooled results from the meta-analysis showed that after HIFU treatment for adenomyosis, a large effect was observed in reducing the uterine volume at 12 months (standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.85), a significant reduction in dysmenorrhea at 3 months (SMD = 1.83) and 12 months (SMD = 2.37), and a significant improvement in quality of life at 6 months (SMD = 3.0) and 12 months (SMD = 2.75). Adverse reactions after HIFU were reported in 55.9% of patients. Conclusion: This review suggests a potential benefit for HIFU in the treatment of adenomyosis-related symptoms; however, findings of the meta-analysis were based on fewer, nonuniform studies, which did not equally account for each specific symptom/parameter across the board. Results showed there appears to be a potential of HIFU in the treatment of adenomyosis-related symptoms. To date, there are no comparative and randomized clinical trials comparing the HIFU technique with other conservative treatment options. As yet, there are insufficient data regarding fertility and pregnancy outcomes.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MOG
Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia - FM/MOG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/58
LIM/58 - Laboratório de Ginecologia Estrutural e Molecular

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