Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/35703
Title: Mapping disparities in education across low- and middle-income countries
Authors: GRAETZ, NicholasWOYCZYNSKI, LaurenWILSON, Katherine F.HALL, Jason B.ABATE, Kalkidan HassenABD-ALLAH, FoadADEBAYO, Oladimeji M.ADEKANMBI, VictorAFSHARI, MahdiAJUMOBI, OlufemiAKINYEMIJU, TomiALAHDAB, FaresAL-ALY, ZiyadRABANAL, Jacqueline Elizabeth AlcaldeALIJANZADEH, MehranALIPOUR, VahidALTIRKAWI, KhalidAMIRESMAILI, MohammadrezaANBER, Nahla HamedANDREI, Catalina LilianaANJOMSHOA, MinaANTONIO, Carl Abelardo T.ARABLOO, JalalAREMU, OlatundeARYAL, Krishna K.ASADI-ALIABADI, MehranATIQUE, SulemanAUSLOOS, MarcelAWASTHI, AshishQUINTANILLA, Beatriz Paulina AyalaAZARI, SamadBADAWI, AlaaBANOUB, Joseph Adel MattarBARKER-COLLO, Suzanne LynBARNETT, AnthonyBEDI, NeerajBENNETT, Derrick A.BHATTACHARJEE, Natalia V.BHATTACHARYYA, KrittikaBHATTARAI, SurajBHUTTA, Zulfiqar A.BIJANI, AliBIKBOV, BorisBRITTON, GabrielleBURSTEIN, RoyBUTT, Zahid A.CARDENAS, RosarioCARVALHO, FelixCASTANEDA-ORJUELA, Carlos A.CASTRO, FranzCERIN, EsterCHANG, Jung-ChenCOLLISON, Michael L.COOPER, CyrusCORK, Michael A.DAOUD, FarahGUPTA, Rajat DasWEAVER, Nicole DavisNEVE, Jan-Walter DeDERIBE, KebedeDESALEGN, Beruk BerhanuDESHPANDE, AniruddhaDESTA, MelakuDHIMAL, MeghnathDIAZ, DanielDINBERU, Mesfin TadeseDJALALINIA, ShirinDUBEY, ManishaDUBLJANIN, EleonoraDURAES, Andre R.DWYER-LINDGREN, LauraEARL, LucasKALAN, Mohammad EbrahimiEL-KHATIB, ZiadESHRATI, BabakFARAMARZI, MahbobehFAREED, MohammadFARO, AndreFERESHTEHNEJAD, Seyed-MohammadFERNANDES, EduardaFILIP, IrinaFISCHER, FlorianFUKUMOTO, TakeshiGARCIA, Jose A.GILL, Paramjit SinghGILL, Tiffany K.GONA, Philimon N.GOPALANI, Sameer ValiGRADA, AymanGUO, YumingGUPTA, RajeevGUPTA, VipinHAJ-MIRZAIAN, ArvinHAJ-MIRZAIAN, AryaHAMADEH, Randah R.HAMIDI, SamerHASAN, MehediHASSEN, Hamid YimamHENDRIE, DeliaHENOK, AndualemHENRY, Nathaniel J.PRADO, Bernardo HernandezHERTELIU, ClaudiuHOLE, Michael K.HOSSAIN, NazninHOSSEINZADEH, MehdiHU, GuoqingILESANMI, Olayinka StephenIRVANI, Seyed Sina NaghibiISLAM, Sheikh Mohammed SharifulIZADI, NedaJAKOVLJEVIC, MihajloJHA, Ravi PrakashJI, John S.JONAS, Jost B.SHUSHTARI, Zahra JorjoranJOZWIAK, Jacek JerzyKANCHAN, TanujKASAEIAN, AmirKARYANI, Ali KazemiKEIYORO, Peter NjengaKESAVACHANDRAN, Chandrasekharan NairKHADER, Yousef SalehKHAFAIE, Morteza AbdullatifKHAN, Ejaz AhmadKHATER, Mona M.KIADALIRI, Aliasghar A.KIIRITHIO, Daniel N.KIM, Yun JinKIMOKOTI, Ruth W.KINYOKI, Damaris K.KISA, AdnanKOSEN, SoewartaKOYANAGI, AiKRISHAN, KewalDEFO, Barthelemy KuateKUMAR, ManasiKUMAR, PushpendraLAMI, Faris HasanLEE, Paul H.LEVINE, Aubrey J.LI, ShanshanLIAO, YuLIM, Lee-LingLISTL, StefanLOPEZ, Jaifred Christian F.MAJDAN, MarekMAJDZADEH, RezaMAJEED, AzeemMALEKZADEH, RezaMANSOURNIA, Mohammad AliMARTINS-MELO, Francisco RogerlandioMASAKA, AnthonyMASSENBURG, Benjamin BallardMAYALA, Benjamin K.MEHTA, Kala M.MENDOZA, WalterMENSAH, George A.MERETOJA, Tuomo J.MESTROVIC, TomislavMILLER, Ted R.MINI, G. K.MIRRAKHIMOV, Erkin M.MOAZEN, BabakMOHAMMAD, Dara K.DARWESH, Aso MohammadMOHAMMED, ShafiuMOHEBI, FarnamMOKDAD, Ali H.MONASTA, LorenzoMOODLEY, YoshanMOOSAZADEH, MahmoodMORADI, GhobadMORADI-LAKEH, MaziarMORAGA, PaulaMORAWSKA, LidiaMORRISON, Shane DouglasMOSSER, Jonathan F.MOUSAVI, Seyyed MeysamMURRAY, Christopher J. L.MUSTAFA, GhulamNAHVIJOU, AzinNAJAFI, FaridNANGIA, VinayNDWANDWE, Duduzile EdithNEGOI, IonutNEGOI, Ruxandra IrinaNGUNJIRI, Josephine W.Cuong Tat NguyenLong Hoang NguyenNINGRUM, Dina Nur AnggrainiNOUBIAP, Jean JacquesSHIADEH, Malihe NourollahpourNYASULU, Peter S.OGBO, Felix AkpojeneOLAGUNJU, Andrew T.OLUSANYA, Bolajoko OlubukunolaOLUSANYA, Jacob OlusegunONWUJEKWE, Obinna E.ORTEGA-ALTAMIRANO, Doris D. V.ORTIZ-PANOZO, EduardoOVERLAND, SimonMAHESH, P. A.PANA, AdrianPANDA-JONAS, SonghomitraPATI, SanghamitraPATTON, George C.PERICO, NorbertoPIGOTT, David M.PIRSAHEB, MeghdadPOSTMA, Maarten J.POURSHAMS, AkramPRAKASH, SwayamPURI, ParulQORBANI, MostafaRADFAR, AmirRAHIM, FakherRAHIMI-MOVAGHAR, VafaRAHMAN, Mohammad Hifz UrRAJATI, FatemehRANABHAT, Chhabi LalRAWAF, David LaithRAWAF, SalmanREINER JR., Robert C.REMUZZI, GiuseppeRENZAHO, Andre M. N.REZAEI, SatarREZAPOUR, AzizRIOS-GONZALEZ, CarlosROEVER, LeonardoRONFANI, LucaROSHANDEL, GholamrezaROSTAMI, AliRUBAGOTTI, EnricoSADAT, NafisSADEGHI, EhsanSAFARI, YahyaSAGAR, RajeshSALAM, NasirSALAMATI, PaymanSALIMI, YahyaSALIMZADEH, HamidehSAMY, Abdallah M.SANABRIA, JuanMILICEVIC, Milena M. SantricSARTORIUS, BennSATHIAN, BrijeshSAWANT, Arundhati R.SCHAEFFER, Lauren E.SCHIPP, Megan F.SCHWEBEL, David C.SENBETA, Anbissa MuletaSEPANLOU, Sadaf G.SHAIKH, Masood AliSHAMS-BEYRANVAND, MehranSHAMSIZADEH, MortezaSHARAFI, KiomarsSHARMA, RajeshSHE, JunSHEIKH, AzizSHIGEMATSU, MikaSIABANI, SorayaSILVEIRA, Dayane Gabriele AlvesSINGH, Jasvinder A.SINHA, Dhirendra NarainSKIRBEKK, VegardSLIGAR, AmberSOBAIH, Badr HasanSOOFI, MoslemSORIANO, Joan B.SOYIRI, Ireneous N.SREERAMAREDDY, Chandrashekhar T.SUDARYANTO, AgusSUFIYAN, Mu'awiyyah BabaleSUTRADHAR, IpsitaSYLAJA, PnTABARES-SEISDEDOS, RafaelTADESSE, Birkneh TilahunTEMSAH, Mohamad-HaniTERKAWI, Abdullah SuliemanTESSEMA, BelayTESSEMA, Zemenu TadesseTHANKAPPAN, Kavumpurathu RamanTOPOR-MADRY, RomanTOVANI-PALONE, Marcos RobertoTRAN, Bach XuanCAR, Lorainne TudorULLAH, IrfanUTHMAN, Olalekan A.VALDEZ, Pascual R.VEISANI, YousefVIOLANTE, Francesco S.VLASSOV, VasilyVOLLMER, SebastianVU, Giang ThuWAHEED, YasirWANG, Yuan-PangWILKINSON, John C.WINKLER, Andrea SylviaWOLFE, Charles D. A.YAMADA, TomohideYESHANEH, AlexYIP, PaulYISMA, EngidaYONEMOTO, NaohiroYOUNIS, Mustafa Z.YOUSEFIFARD, MahmoudYU, ChuanhuaZAMAN, Sojib BinZHANG, JianrongZHANG, YunquanZODPEY, SanjayGAKIDOU, EmmanuelaHAY, Simon I.
Citation: NATURE, v.577, n.7789, p.235-+, 2020
Abstract: Analyses of the proportions of individuals who have completed key levels of schooling across all low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2017 reveal inequalities across countries as well as within populations. Educational attainment is an important social determinant of maternal, newborn, and child health(1-3). As a tool for promoting gender equity, it has gained increasing traction in popular media, international aid strategies, and global agenda-setting(4-6). The global health agenda is increasingly focused on evidence of precision public health, which illustrates the subnational distribution of disease and illness(7,8); however, an agenda focused on future equity must integrate comparable evidence on the distribution of social determinants of health(9-11). Here we expand on the available precision SDG evidence by estimating the subnational distribution of educational attainment, including the proportions of individuals who have completed key levels of schooling, across all low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2017. Previous analyses have focused on geographical disparities in average attainment across Africa or for specific countries, but-to our knowledge-no analysis has examined the subnational proportions of individuals who completed specific levels of education across all low- and middle-income countries(12-14). By geolocating subnational data for more than 184 million person-years across 528 data sources, we precisely identify inequalities across geography as well as within populations.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/23
LIM/23 - Laboratório de Psicopatologia e Terapêutica Psiquiátrica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/10
ODS/10 - Redução da desigualdade


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