Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/35714
Title: Ultra-processed foods and excessive free sugar intake in the UK: a nationally representative cross-sectional study
Authors: RAUBER, FernandaLOUZADA, Maria Laura da CostaSTEELE, Euridice MartinezREZENDE, Leandro F. M. deMILLETT, ChristopherMONTEIRO, Carlos A.LEVY, Renata B.
Citation: BMJ OPEN, v.9, n.10, article ID e027546, 11p, 2019
Abstract: Objectives To describe dietary sources of free sugars in different age groups of the UK population considering food groups classified according to the NOVA system and to estimate the proportion of excessive free sugars that could potentially be avoided by reducing consumption of their main sources. Design and setting Cross-sectional data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008-2014) were analysed. Food items collected using a 4-day food diary were classified according to the NOVA system. Participants 9364 individuals aged 1.5 years and above. Main outcome measures Average dietary content of free sugars and proportion of individuals consuming more than 10% of total energy from free sugars. Data analysis Poisson regression was used to estimate the associations between each of the NOVA food group and intake of free sugars. We estimated the per cent reduction in prevalence of excessive free sugar intake from eliminating ultra-processed foods and table sugar. Analyses were stratified by age group and adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, survey year, region and equivalised household income (sterling pounds). Results Ultra-processed foods account for 56.8% of total energy intake and 64.7% of total free sugars in the UK diet. Free sugars represent 12.4% of total energy intake, and 61.3% of the sample exceeded the recommended limit of 10% energy from free sugars. This percentage was higher among children (74.9%) and adolescents (82.9%). Prevalence of excessive free sugar intake increased linearly across quintiles of ultra-processed food consumption for all age groups, except among the elderly. Eliminating ultra-processed foods could potentially reduce the prevalence of excessive free sugar intake by 47%. Conclusion Our findings suggest that actions to reduce the ultra-processed food consumption generally rich in free sugars could lead to substantial public health benefits.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/38
LIM/38 - Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia


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