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Title: Classification of Subtypes of Apert Syndrome, Based on the Type of Vault Suture Synostosis
Citation: PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY - GLOBAL OPEN, v.7, n.3, article ID e2158, p, 2019
Abstract: Background: Apert syndrome patients are different in clinical pathology, including obstructive sleep apnea, cleft palate, and mental deficiency. These functional deficiencies may be due to anatomic deformities, which may be caused by different forms of associated suture fusion. Therefore, a classification system of Apert syndrome based on the type of craniosynostosis pattern might be helpful in determining treatment choices. Methods: CT scans of 31 unoperated Apert syndrome and 51 controls were included and subgrouped as: class I. Bilateral coronal synostosis; class II. Pansynostosis; and class III. Perpendicular combination synostosis: a. unilateral coronal and metopic synostosis; b. sagittal with bilateral/unilateral lambdoid synostosis; and c. others. Results: Class I is the most common (55%) subtype. The cranial base angulation of class I was normal; however, the cranial base angulation on the cranium side of the skull in class II increased 12.16 degrees (P = 0.006), whereas the facial side cranial base angle of class IIIa decreased 4.31 degrees (P = 0.035) over time. The external cranial base linear measurements of class I showed more evident reduction in anterior craniofacial structures than posterior, whereas other subtypes developed more severe shortening in the posterior aspects. Conclusions: Bicoronal synostosis is the most common subtype of Apert syndrome with the normalized cranial base angulation. Combined pansynostosis patients have flatter cranial base, whereas the combined unilateral coronal synostosis have a kyphotic cranial base. Class I has more significant nasopharyngeal airway compromise in a vertical direction, whereas classes II and III have more limited oropharyngeal space. © 2019 The Authors.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCG
Departamento de Cirurgia - FM/MCG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/04
LIM/04 - Laboratório de Microcirurgia

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