Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/36237
Title: Early Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction With Point-of-Care High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I
Authors: BOEDDINGHAUS, JasperNESTELBERGER, ThomasKOECHLIN, LucaWUSSLER, DesireeLOPEZ-AYALA, PedroWALTER, Joan EliasTROESTER, ValentinaRATMANN, Paul DavidSEIDEL, FundaZIMMERMANN, TobiasBADERTSCHER, PatrickWILDI, KarinGIMENEZ, Maria RubiniPOTLUKOVA, EliskaSTREBEL, IvoFREESE, MichaelMIRO, OscarMARTIN-SANCHEZ, F. JavierKAWECKI, DamianKELLER, Dagmar I.GUALANDRO, Danielle M.CHRIST, MichaelTWERENBOLD, RaphaelMUELLER, Christian
Citation: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, v.75, n.10, p.1111-1124, 2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND Until now, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays were mainly developed for large central laboratory platforms. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to assess the clinical performance of a point-of-care (POC)-hs-cTnI assay in patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS This study enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of MI. Two cardiologists centrally adjudicated the final diagnosis using all clinical data including cardiac imaging. The primary objective was to directly compare diagnostic accuracy of POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue versus best-validated central laboratory assays. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of a POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue-specific 0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS MI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 178 of 1,261 patients (14%). The area under the curve (AUC) for POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue at presentation was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93 to 0.96) and was at least comparable to hs-cTnT-Elecsys (AUC: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.93 to 0.96; p = 0.213) and hs-cTnI-Architect (AUC: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.90 to 0.93; p < 0.001). A single cutoff concentration <3 ng/l at presentation identified 45% of patients at low risk with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% (95% CI: 99.4% to 100%). A single cutoff concentration >60 ng/l identified patients at high risk with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 76.8% (95% CI: 68.9% to 83.6%). The 0/1-h algorithm ruled out 55% of patients (NPV: 100%; 95% CI: 98.8% to 100%), and ruled in 18% of patients (PPV: 76.8%; 95% CI: 67.2% to 84.7%). Ruled-out patients had cumulative event rates of 0% at 30 days and 1.6% at 2 years. This study confirmed these findings in a secondary analysis including hs-cTnI-Architect for central adjudication. CONCLUSIONS The POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue assay provides high diagnostic accuracy in patients with suspected MI with a clinical performance that is at least comparable to that of best-validated central laboratory assays. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation Study [APACE]; NCT00470587) (C) 2020 The Authors.
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