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Title: Fc gamma R2B B2.4 haplotype predicts increased risk of red blood cell alloimmunization in sickle cell disease patients
Authors: COSTA NETO, AbelSANTOS, FlaviaRIBEIRO, IngridOLIVEIRA, ValeriaDEZAN, MarciaKASHIMA, SimoneCOVAS, DimasPEREIRA, AlexandreFONSECA, GuilhermeMOREIRA, FredericoKRIEGER, JoseGUALANDRO, SandraROCHA, VandersonMENDRONE JR., AlfredoDINARDO, Carla L.
Citation: TRANSFUSION, v.60, n.7, p.1573-1578, 2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization is an important transfusion complication which is prevalent among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Autoimmune diseases are a known risk factor for RBC alloimmunization, suggesting that autoimmunity and post-transfusion alloantibody development occur through similar physiopathological pathways. Polymorphisms in the Fc gamma R2B gene have already been associated with several autoimmune disorders and hypothetically could be associated with RBC alloimmunization. Our goal was to evaluate if important polymorphisms of Fc gamma R2B have an impact on the risk of RBC alloimmunization among SCD patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS This was a case-control study in which alloimmunized and non-alloimmunized SCD patients were compared in terms of the genotype frequency of the Fc gamma R2B polymorphisms -386G/C, -120 T/A, and 695C/T, genotyped through direct Sanger sequencing. RESULTS A total of 237 patients met the eligibility criteria, 120 cases (alloimmunized) and 117 controls (non-alloimmunized). RBC alloimmunization was associated with female sex (p < 0.001), lifetime number of RBC units transfused (p = 0.002) and 120 T/A Fc gamma R2B genotype (p = 0.031). The Fc gamma R2B promoter region haplotype 2B.4 (386C120A) was positively associated with RBC alloimunization (p = 0.045). The logistic regression (LR) model identified female sex (OR 10.03, CI 95% 5.16-19.49; p < 0.001) and Fc gamma R2B 2B.4 haplotype (OR 4.55, CI95% 1.1118.65; p = 0.035) as independent predictors of RBC alloimmunization in SCD patients. CONCLUSION SCD patients with the Fc gamma R2B 2B.4 haplotype had over a fourfold higher risk for RBC alloimmunization. This highlights the role played by Fc gamma R2B on RBC alloimmunization and may be helpful in identifying the immune responders.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - IMT
Instituto de Medicina Tropical - IMT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/13
LIM/13 - Laboratório de Genética e Cardiologia Molecular

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/31
LIM/31 - Laboratório de Genética e Hematologia Molecular

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