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Title: Impact of pericardiectomy on exercise capacity and sleep of patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis
Authors: MELO, Dirceu Thiago Pessoa deNERBASS, Flavia BaggioSAYEGH, Ana Luiza CarrariSOUZA, Francis Ribeiro deHOTTA, Viviane TiemiSALEMI, Vera Maria CuriRAMIRES, Felix Jose AlvarezDIAS, Ricardo RibeiroLORENZI-FILHO, GeraldoMADY, CharlesFERNANDES, Fabio
Citation: PLOS ONE, v.14, n.10, article ID e0223838, 13p, 2019
Abstract: Background Heart failure is associated with exercise intolerance and sleep-disordered breathing; however, studies in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis are scarce. The purpose of our study was to assess exercise capacity and sleep in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) undergoing a pericardiectomy. Methods We studied consecutive patients scheduled for pericardiectomy due to symptomatic CCP. Were performed quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire-MLHFQ) and sleep questionnaires (Epworth, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI), serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum C-reactive protein, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test and overnight polysomnography immediately before and six months after pericardiectomy. Results Twenty-five patients (76% males, age: 45.5 +/- 13.8 years, body mass index: 24.9 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2), left ventricular ejection fraction: 60 +/- 6%) with CCP (76% idiopathic, 12% tuberculosis) were studied. As compared to the preoperative period, pericardiectomy resulted in reduction in BNP (143 (83.5-209.5) vs 76 (40-117.5) pg/mL, p = 0.011), improvement in VO2 peak (18.7 +/- 5.6 vs. 25.2 +/- 6.3 mL/kg/min, p<0.001), quality of life (MLHFQ score 62 (43,5-77,5) vs. 18 (8,5-22), p<0,001) and sleep (PSQI score 7.8 +/- 4.1 vs. 4.7 +/- 3.7, p<0.001) and no significant change in sleep disordered breathing (apnea hypopnea index-AHI 15.6 (8.3-31.7) vs. 14.6 (5.75-29.9) events/h, p = 0.253). Conclusion Patients with symptomatic CCP showed reduced exercise capacity and sleep-disordered breathing. After pericardiectomy, there was improvement in exercise capacity and neutral effect on sleep-disordered breathing.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/63
LIM/63 - Laboratório de Investigação Médica em Sono

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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