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Title: Unraveling the Role of Astrocytes in Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation in a Parkinson's Disease Rat Model
Authors: CAMPOS, Ana Carolina PinheiroKIKUCHI, Daniel SeichoPASCHOA, Amanda Faure NardiniKUROKI, Mayra AkemiFONOFF, Erich TalamoniHAMANI, ClementPAGANO, Rosana LimaHERNANDES, Marina Sorrentino
Citation: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY, v.40, n.6, p.939-954, 2020
Abstract: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is an effective therapeutic strategy for motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) when L-DOPA therapy induces disabling side effects. Classical inflammatory activation of glial cells is well established in PD, contributing to the progressive neurodegenerative state; however, the role of DBS in regulating the inflammatory response remains largely unknown. To understand the involvement of astrocytes in the mechanisms of action of DBS, we evaluated the effect of STN-DBS in regulating motor symptoms, astrocyte reactivity, and cytokine expression in a 6-OHDA-induced PD rat model. To mimic in vivo DBS, we investigate the effect of high-frequency stimulation (HFS) in cultured astrocytes regulating cytokine induction and NF-kappa B activation. We found that STN-DBS improved motor impairment, induced astrocytic hyperplasia, and reversed increased IFN-gamma and IL-10 levels in the globus pallidus (GP) of lesioned rats. Moreover, HFS activated astrocytes and prevented TNF-alpha-induced increase of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and NF-kappa B activation in vitro. Our results indicate that DBS/HFS may act as a regulator of the inflammatory response in PD states, attenuating classical activation of astrocytes and cytokine induction, potentially through its ability to regulate NF-kappa B activation. These findings may help us understand the role of astrocyte signaling in HFS, highlighting its possible relationship with the effectiveness of DBS in neurodegenerative disorders.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MNE
Departamento de Neurologia - FM/MNE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/45
LIM/45 - Laboratório de Fisiopatologia Neurocirúrgica

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