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Title: Strategies for communicating oral and oropharyngeal cancer diagnosis: why talk about it?
Authors: ALVES, Carolina Guimaraes BonfimTREISTER, Nathaniel SimonRIBEIRO, Ana Carolina PradoBRANDAO, Thais BiancaTONAKI, Juliana OnoLOPES, Marcio AjudarteRIVERA, CesarSANTOS-SILVA, Alan Roger
Abstract: Objective. This review aimed to explore the paradigms of disclosing a cancer diagnosis with a focus on oral and oropharyngeal cancer and patient-related considerations. Study Design. A search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus was conducted using the following keywords: oral cancer; mouth lesions; oncology; breaking bad news; truth disclosure; and communication skills training. English and Spanish language studies published through October 2019 were included. Results. The way bad news is conveyed to patients with cancer may affect their comprehension of information, emotional distress, treatment adherence, and health outcomes. Models of communication that are focused on patients' preferences may result in better treatment outcomes. Available protocols, such as SPIKES and ABCDE, have useful recommendations for health care professionals communicating an oral cancer diagnosis. However, it is important to be attentive to the particular information needs of patients. Conclusions. When communicating a cancer diagnosis, providers should employ validated methods of information delivery and support for oncology patients. Further studies are needed to evaluate the experiences and preferences of patients with oral cancer during these communications.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03

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