Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/37181
Title: Association of parathormone and alkaline phosphatase with bone turnover and mineralization in children with CKD on dialysis: effect of age, gender, and race
Authors: SOEIRO, Emilia M. D.CASTRO, LucimaryMENEZES, RejaneELIAS, Rosilene M.REIS, Luciene M. dosJORGETTI, VandaMOYSES, Rosa M. A.
Citation: PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, v.35, n.7, p.1297-1305, 2020
Abstract: Background Studies investigating bone histology in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are scarce. Methods Forty-two patients, mean age 11.3 +/- 4.3 years with stage 5 CKD on dialysis, underwent double tetracycline labeling bone biopsy and the relationship between clinical features, biochemical markers, and bone densitometry (DXA) was investigated. Results Low bone turnover was present in 59% of patients, abnormal mineralization in 29%, and low bone volume in 7%. Higher bone formation rate was found in non-Caucasian patients, whereas abnormal mineralization occurred in older and shorter children. We found no impact of gender and etiology of renal disease in our population. Parathormone (PTH) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) showed positive associations with bone turnover. ROC curve analysis showed a fair performance of biomarkers to predict TMV status. PTH < 2 times ULN independently associated with low bone turnover (RR 5.62, 95% CI 1.01-31.24; p = 0.049), in a model adjusted for race, calcitriol dosage, and calcium. It was also associated with abnormal mineralization (RR 1.35, 95% CI 1.04-1.75; p = 0.025), in a model adjusted for BMD scores, AP, age, and calcitriol. PTH and AP significantly predicted turnover and mineralization defect, although with low specificity and sensitivity, reaching a maximum value of 64% and 67%, respectively. Conclusions While PTH and AP were associated with turnover and mineralization, we recognize the limitation of their performance to clearly distinguish high from low/normal bone turnover and normal from abnormal mineralization. Our results reinforce the need to expand knowledge about renal osteodystrophy in pediatric population through prospective bone biopsy studies.
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