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Title: Three-Year Outcomes of Bariatric Surgery in Patients With Obesity and Hypertension A Randomized Clinical Trial
Authors: SCHIAVON, Carlos A.BHATT, Deepak L.IKEOKA, DimasV, Eliana SantucciSANTOS, Renato NakagawaDAMIANI, Lucas P.OLIVEIRA, Juliana D.V, Rachel Helena MachadoHALPERN, HelioMONTEIRO, Frederico L. J.NOUJAIM, Patricia M.V, Ricardo CohenSOUZA, Marcio G. deAMODEO, CelsoBORTOLOTTO, Luiz A.BERWANGER, OtavioCAVALCANTI, Alexandre B.DRAGER, Luciano F.
Citation: ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, v.173, n.9, p.685-+, 2020
Abstract: Background: Midterm effects of bariatric surgery on patients with obesity and hypertension remain uncertain. Objective: To determine the 3-year effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on blood pressure (BP) compared with medical therapy (MT) alone. Design: Randomized clinical trial. ( NCT01784848) Setting: Investigator-initiated study at Heart Hospital (HCor), Sao Paulo, Brazil. Participants: Patients with hypertension receiving at least 2 medications at maximum doses or more than 2 medications at moderate doses and with a body mass index (BMI) between 30.0 and 39.9 kg/m(2) were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio). Intervention: RYGB plus MT or MT alone. Measurements: The primary outcome was at least a 30% reduction in total number of antihypertensive medications while maintaining BP less than 140/90 mm Hg. Key secondary outcomes were number of antihypertensive medications, hypertension remission, and BP control according to current guidelines (<130/80 mm Hg). Results: Among 100 patients (76% female; mean BMI, 36.9 kg/m(2) [SD, 2.7]), 88% from the RYGB group and 80% from the MT group completed follow-up. At 3 years, the primary outcome occurred in 73% of patients from the RYGB group compared with 11% of patients from the MT group (relative risk, 6.52 [95% CI, 2.50 to 17.03]; P < 0.001). Of the randomly assigned participants, 35% and 31% from the RYGB group and 2% and 0% from the MT group achieved BP less than 140/90 mm Hg and less than 130/80 mm Hg without medications, respectively. Median (interquartile range) number of medications in the RYGB and MT groups at 3 years was 1 (0 to 2) and 3 (2.8 to 4), respectively (P < 0.001). Total weight loss was 27.8% and -0.1% in the RYGB and MT groups, respectively. In the RYGB group, 13 patients developed hypovitaminosis B-12 and 2 patients required reoperation. Limitation: Single-center, nonblinded trial. Conclusion: RYGB is an effective strategy for midterm BP control and hypertension remission, with fewer medications required in patients with hypertension and obesity.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/63
LIM/63 - Laboratório de Investigação Médica em Sono

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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