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Title: Discriminating the severity of pharyngeal collapsibility in men using anthropometric and polysomnographic indices
Authors: GENTA, Pedro R.SCHORR, FabiolaEDWARDS, Bradley A.WELLMAN, AndrewLORENZI-FILHO, Geraldo
Citation: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE, v.16, n.9, p.1531-1537, 2020
Abstract: Study Objectives: Although obstructive sleep apnea results from the combination of different pathophysiologic mechanisms, the degree of anatomical compromise remains the main responsible factor. The passive pharyngeal critical closing pressure (Pcrit) is a technique used to assess the collapsibility of the upper airway and is often used as a surrogate measure of this anatomical compromise. Patients with a low Pcrit (ie, less collapsible airway) are potential candidates for non-continuous positive airway pressure therapies. However, Pcrit determination is a technically complex method not available in clinical practice. We hypothesized that the discrimination between low and high Pcrit can be estimated from simple anthropometric and polysomnographic indices. Methods: Men with and without obstructive sleep apnea underwent Pcrit determination and full polysomnography. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was performed to select the best cutoff of each variable to predict a high Pcrit (Pcrit >= 2.5 cmH(2)O). Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to create a clinical score to predict a high Pcrit. Results: We studied 81 men, 48 +/- 13 years of age, with an apnea-hypopnea index of 32 [14-60], range 1-96 events/h), and Pcrit of -0.7 +/- 3.1 (range, -9.1 to +7.2 cmH(2)O). A high and low Pcrit could be accurately identified by polysomnographic and anthropometric indices. A score to discriminate Pcrit showed good performance (area under the curve = 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.91-1.00) and included waist circumference, non-rapid eye movement obstructive apnea index/apnea-hypopnea index, mean obstructive apnea duration, and rapid eye movement apnea-hypopnea index. Conclusions: A low Pcrit (less collapsible) can be estimated from a simple clinical score. This approach may identify candidates more likely to respond to non-continuous positive airway pressure therapies for obstructive sleep apnea.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/63
LIM/63 - Laboratório de Investigação Médica em Sono

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