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Title: Low-dose chlorine exposure impairs lung function, inflammation and oxidative stress in mice
Authors: GENARO, Isabella Santos deALMEIDA, Francine Maria deLOPES, Fernanda Degobbi Tenorio Quirino dos SantosKUNZLER, Deborah De Camargo HizumeTRIPODE, Bruna Gabryela BusolettoKURDEJAK, AdrianaCORDEIRO, Bruna NakamuraPANDOLPHO, RenataMACCHIONE, MariangelaBRUGGEMANN, Thayse ReginaVIEIRA, Rodolfo PaulaMARTINS, Milton ArrudaTIBERIO, Iolanda de Fatima Lopes CalvoSARAIVA-ROMANHOLO, Beatriz Mangueira
Citation: LIFE SCIENCES, v.267, article ID 118912, 11p, 2021
Abstract: Aim: To explore the different consequences of acute and chronic exposure to chlorine gas (Cl-2) on the functional and histological parameters of health mice. Main methods: Firstly, male BALB/c mice were acute exposed to 3.3 or 33.3 or 70.5 mg/m(3) Cl-2. We analyzed the lung function, the inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage, cell influx in the peribrochoalveolar space and mucus production. In a second phase, mice were chronic exposed to 70.5 mg/m(3) Cl-2. Besides the first phase analyses, we also evaluated the epithelial cells thickness, collagen deposition in the airways, immunohisto-chemistry stain for IL-1 beta, iNOS, IL-17 and ROCK-2 and the levels of IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in lung homogenate. Key findings: Acute exposure to chlorine impaired the lung function, increased the number of inflammatory cells in the BALF and in the airways, also increased the mucus production. Furthermore, when chlorine was exposed chronically, increased the airway remodeling with collagen deposition and epithelial cells thickness, positive cells for IL-1 beta, iNOS, IL-17 in the airways and in the alveolar walls and ROCK-2 in the alveolar walls, lung inflammation with increased levels of IL-5, IL-13, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in the lung homogenate, and also, induced the acid mucus production by the nasal epithelium. Significance: Acute and chronic exposure to low dose of chlorine gas worsens lung function, induces oxidative stress activation and mucus production and contributes to augmenting inflammation in health mice.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/05
LIM/05 - Laboratório de Poluição Atmosférica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/20
LIM/20 - Laboratório de Terapêutica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03

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