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Title: Rhinomanometry Versus Computational Fluid Dynamics: Correlated, but Different Techniques
Authors: CHEROBIN, Giancarlo B.VOEGELS, Richard L.PINNA, Fabio R.GEBRIM, Eloisa M. M. S.BAILEY, Ryan S.GARCIA, Guilherme J. M.
Citation: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, v.35, n.2, p.245-255, 2021
Abstract: Background Past studies reported a low correlation between rhinomanometry and computational fluid dynamics (CFD), but the source of the discrepancy was unclear. Low correlation or lack of correlation has also been reported between subjective and objective measures of nasal patency. Objective: This study investigates (1) the correlation and agreement between nasal resistance derived from CFD (R-CFD) and rhinomanometry (R-RMN), and (2) the correlation between objective and subjective measures of nasal patency. Methods Twenty-five patients with nasal obstruction underwent anterior rhinomanometry before and after mucosal decongestion with oxymetazoline. Subjective nasal patency was assessed with a 0-10 visual analog scale (VAS). CFD simulations were performed based on computed tomography scans obtained after mucosal decongestion. To validate the CFD methods, nasal resistance was measuredin vitro(R-EXPERIMENT) by performing pressure-flow experiments in anatomically accurate plastic nasal replicas from 6 individuals. Results Mucosal decongestion was associated with a reduction in bilateral nasal resistance (0.34 +/- 0.23 Pa.s/ml to 0.19 +/- 0.24 Pa.s/ml, p = 0.003) and improved sensation of nasal airflow (bilateral VAS decreased from 5.2 +/- 1.9 to 2.6 +/- 1.9, p < 0.001). A statistically significant correlation was found between VAS in the most obstructed cavity and unilateral airflow before and after mucosal decongestion (r = -0.42, p = 0.003). Excellent correlation was found between R(CFD)and R-EXPERIMENT(r = 0.96, p < 0.001) with good agreement between the numerical andin vitrovalues (R-CFD/R-EXPERIMENT = 0.93 +/- 0.08). A weak correlation was found between R(CFD)and R-RMN(r = 0.41, p = 0.003) with CFD underpredicting nasal resistance derived from rhinomanometry (R-CFD/R-RMN = 0.65 +/- 0.63). A stronger correlation was found when unilateral airflow at a pressure drop of 75 Pa was used to compare CFD with rhinomanometry (r = 0.76, p < 0.001). Conclusion CFD and rhinomanometry are moderately correlated, but CFD underpredicts nasal resistance measuredin vivodue in part to the assumption of rigid nasal walls. Our results confirm previous reports that subjective nasal patency correlates better with unilateral than with bilateral measurements and in the context of an intervention.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MOF
Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia e Oftalmologia - FM/MOF

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InRad
Instituto de Radiologia - HC/InRad

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/32
LIM/32 - Laboratório de Otorrinolaringologia

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