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Title: Poor Eating Habits and Selected Determinants of Food Choice Were Associated With Ultraprocessed Food Consumption in Brazilian Women During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Authors: SMAIRA, Fabiana InfanteMAZZOLANI, Bruna CarusoESTEVES, Gabriel PerriANDRE, Heloisa C. SantoAMARANTE, Milla CordeiroCASTANHO, Daniela FernandesCAMPOS, Karen Jennifer deBENATTI, Fabiana BragaPINTO, Ana JessicaROSCHEL, HamiltonGUALANO, BrunoNICOLETTI, Carolina Ferreira
Citation: FRONTIERS IN NUTRITION, v.8, article ID 672372, 8p, 2021
Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate possible associations between food consumption and eating habits and food choice determinants in women during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted in Brazil between June and September, 2020, during which time social distancing measures were in place. Results: Participants (n = 629) were aged 34.0 years and mostly within normal weight according to BMI (60.4%). ""Snacking"" and ""liking"" associated with increased energy (beta = 164.27 and beta = 110.24) and carbohydrate intake (beta = 1.97 and beta = 1.80), and with reduced protein intake (beta = -1.54 and beta = -1.18). In contrast, ""dieting"" and ""weight control"" associated with reduced energy (beta = -162.57 and beta = -111.49) and carbohydrate intake (beta = -2.78 and beta = -2.07), and with increased protein intake (beta = 3.78 and beta = 1.65). ""Dieting"" (beta = 7.27), ""need and hunger"" (beta = 3.34), and ""health"" (beta = 4.94) associated with an increased consumption of unprocessed and minimally processed foods, whereas ""replacing main meals with snacks"" (beta = -8.98), ""snacking"" (beta = -6.92) and binge eating symptoms (beta = -0.34) associated with reduced consumption of foods within this processing level. In contrast, ""use of delivery services"" (beta = 3.39), ""replacing main meals with snacks"" (beta = 5.49), ""visual appeal"" (beta = 2.17), ""social norms"" (beta = 2.19) and ""affect regulation"" (beta = 2.01) associated with increased ultraprocessed food consumption. Overall, associations were more frequent and pronounced when analyzing food consumption by processing level rather than by macronutrient intake. Conclusion: Some eating habits and food choice determinants (""snacking,"" ""replacing meals with snacks,"" ""use of delivery services"") observed during the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with an unhealthy diet (high energy and carbohydrate consumption, increased ultraprocessed food consumption and reduced unprocessed/minimally processed foods consumption) in Brazilian women.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - COVID-19

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/17
LIM/17 - Laboratório de Investigação em Reumatologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03

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