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Title: Factors Associated With Use of Medications for Anxiety and Depression in Pharmacy Students in Brazil
Authors: AMARAL, Carolina Maranhao MeneghelCARVALHO, Renata CunhaVIEIRA, Marcio Eduardo BergaminiAGUIAR, Patricia Melo
Citation: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATION, v.85, n.6, article ID 8285, 10p, 2021
Abstract: Objective. To map undergraduate pharmacy students' use of medications for anxiety and depression and associated factors at one university in Brazil. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to July 2019 among undergraduate pharmacy students at one university. Data regarding sociodemographic issues and the use of psychotropics were collected using an online questionnaire. Exploratory descriptive analysis of data, the chi-square test, and multivariate binary logistic regression were performed to identify factors associated with the use of medications for anxiety and depression. Results. Of 900 students enrolled, usable survey responses were received from 198. Most respondents were female with a mean age of 22.3 years. Among these, 17.7% of pharmacy students used medications to treat anxiety and 13.1% used medications for depression. The most common psychotropics were escitalopram and fluoxetine. There were two peak usage times: the initial and final year of pharmacy school. Dissatisfaction with the pharmacy program and psychological care were significantly associated with the use of medications for anxiety. In contrast, monthly income from three to 15 times the minimum wage, religiosity/spirituality, and psychological care were associated with students' use of medications for depression. Conclusion. There was a high prevalence of medication use to treat anxiety and depression among undergraduate pharmacy students, and this use was associated with psychological care, monthly income, and religiosity/spirituality.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HU
Hospital Universitário - HU

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/08
ODS/08 - Trabalho decente e crescimento econômico

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/10
ODS/10 - Redução da desigualdade

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