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Title: Long-term Dysphagia following Acoustic Neuroma Surgery: Prevalence, Severity and Predictive Factors
Authors: ABBAS-KAYANO, Raiene TelassinSOLLA, Davi Jorge FontouraRABELO, Nicollas NunesGOMES, Marcos de Queiroz TelesCABRERA, Hector Tomas NavarroTEIXEIRA, Manoel J.FIGUEIREDO, Eberval Gadelha
Citation: INDIAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, v.10, n.2, p.108-113, 2021
Abstract: Background Acoustic neuroma (AN) may compress the cerebellum and brainstem and may cause dysfunction of bulbar cranial nerves. Objective To describe swallowing function outcomes in the late postoperative period after AN surgery. Methods This cohort study included patients operated on between 1999-2014, with a mean follow up of 6.4 4.5 years. The swallowing function was assessed through the functional oral intake scale (FOIS). The primary outcome was defined by scores 5 to 1, which implied oral feeding restriction or adaptation. Risks factors were identified through multivariate logistic regression. Results 101 patients were evaluated. As many as 46 (45.5%) presented dysphagia on the late postoperative period. Women comprised 77.2%, and the mean age was 47.1 +/- 16.0 years (range 19-80). Dysphagic patients presented more type II neurofibromatosis (NF II) (32.6% vs. 10.9%, p = 0.007), larger tumors (3.8 +/- 1.1 vs. 3.1 +/- 1.0 cm, p < 0.001), partial resection (50.0% vs. 85.5%, p < 0.001) and needed more surgeries (>= 2, 39.1% vs. 18.2%, p = 0.019). Important peripheral facial palsy (PFP) (House-Brackmann [HB] grade >= 3) was present before the surgery on 47.5% and worsened on 55.4%. Postoperative PFP (p < 0.001), but not preoperative PFP, was predictive of postoperative dysphagia. On multivariate analysis, the following factors were risk factors for dysphagia: NF II (OR 5.54, p = 0.034), tumor size (each 1 cm, OR 2.13, p = 0.009), partial resection (OR 5.23, p = 0.022) and postoperative HB grade >= 3 (OR 12.99, p = 0.002). Conclusions Dysphagia after AN surgery is highly correlated to postoperative facial motor function. NF II, tumor size, and extent of resection were also predictive of this morbidity in the late postoperative period.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MNE
Departamento de Neurologia - FM/MNE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/45
LIM/45 - Laboratório de Fisiopatologia Neurocirúrgica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/62
LIM/62 - Laboratório de Fisiopatologia Cirúrgica

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