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Title: Land use regression modelling of NO2 in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Authors: LUMINATI, OrnellaCAMPOS, Bartolomeu Ledebur de Antas deFLUCKIGER, BenjaminBRENTANI, AlexandraROOSLI, MartinFINK, GuntherHOOGH, Kees de
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.289, article ID 117832, 12p, 2021
Abstract: Background: Air pollution is a major global public health problem. The situation is most severe in low- and middle-income countries, where pollution control measures and monitoring systems are largely lacking. Data to quantify the exposure to air pollution in low-income settings are scarce. Methods: In this study, land use regression models (LUR) were developed to predict the outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentration in the study area of the Western Region Birth Cohort in Sao Paulo. NO2 measurements were performed for one week in winter and summer at eighty locations. Additionally, weekly measurements at one regional background location were performed over a full one-year period to create an annual prediction. Results: Three LUR models were developed (annual, summer, winter) by using a supervised stepwise linear regression method. The winter, summer and annual models explained 52 %, 75 % and 66 % of the variance (R-2) respectively. Cross-holdout validation tests suggest robust models. NO2 levels ranged from 43.2 mu g/m(3) to 93.4 mu g/m(3) in the winter and between 28.1 mu g/m(3) and 72.8 mu g/m(3) in summer. Based on our annual prediction, about 67 % of the population living in the study area is exposed to NO2 values over the WHO suggested annual guideline of 40 mu g/m(3) annual average. Conclusion: In this study we were able to develop robust models to predict NO2 residential exposure. We could show that average measures, and therefore the predictions of NO2, in such a complex urban area are substantially high and that a major variability within the area and especially within the season is present. These findings also suggest that in general a high proportion of the population is exposed to high NO2 levels.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPE
Departamento de Pediatria - FM/MPE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/11
ODS/11 - Cidades e comunidades sustentáveis

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