ODS/02 - Fome zero e agricultura sustentável
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Accuracy of isolated nutrition indicators in diagnosing malnutrition and their prognostic value to predict death in patients with gastric and colorectal cancer: A prospective study
JOURNAL OF PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION, v.46, n.3, p.508-516, 2022
Background The study aims to evaluate the accuracy of isolated nutrition indicators in diagnosing malnutrition in patients with gastric and colorectal cancer and their association with mortality. Methods Prospective cohort study involving patients with cancer (n = 178) attending a reference cente...
Children are in need of humanitarian aid in Afghanistan
CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT, v.123, article ID 105421, 2p, 2022
Almost 60% of Afghans forced to flee their homes in 2021 because of the Taliban advance are children. They are starving. It is estimated that approximately one million will suffer from severe, life-threatening malnutrition by the end of 2021. Many have been separated from their families by the ch...
Interplay between Inflammaging, Frailty and Nutrition in Covid-19: Preventive and Adjuvant Treatment Perspectives
JOURNAL OF NUTRITION HEALTH & AGING, v.26, n.1, p.67-76, 2022
As humans age, their immune system undergoes modifications, including a low-grade inflammatory status called inflammaging. These changes are associated with a loss of physical and immune resilience, amplifying the risk of being malnourished and frail. Under the COVID-19 scenario, inflammaging inc...
Adherence to the Planetary Health Diet Index and Obesity Indicators in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
NUTRIENTS, v.13, n.11, article ID 3691, 12p, 2021
The EAT-Lancet Commission has proposed a model diet to improve the health of human beings and that of the planet. Recently, we proposed the Planetary Health Diet Index (PHDI) to assess adherence of the population to this model diet. In this study, we aimed to evaluate adherence to the PHDI and ob...
Food insecurity, food waste, food behaviours and cooking confidence of UK citizens at the start of the COVID-19 lockdown
BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL, v.123, n.9, Special Issue, p.2959-2978, 2021
Purpose The current pilot study explored food insecurity, food waste, food related behaviours and cooking confidence of UK consumers following the COVID-19 lockdown. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 473 UK-based consumers (63% female) in March 2020. A cross-sectional online su...
Nutritional status at diagnosis among children with cancer referred to a nutritional service in Brazil
HEMATOLOGY TRANSFUSION AND CELL THERAPY, v.43, n.4, p.389-395, 2021
Introduction: Children and adolescents with cancer are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition and require special attention on nutritional assessment. An adequate nutritional status during treatment is essential in reducing morbidity and mortality, being a modifiable risk factor for clinical out...
Applicability of the GLIM criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition in older adults in the emergency ward: A pilot validation study
CLINICAL NUTRITION, v.40, n.11, p.5447-5456, 2021
Background & aims: Acutely ill older adults are at higher risk of malnutrition. This study aimed to explore the applicability and accuracy of the GLIM criteria to diagnose malnutrition in acutely ill older adults in the emergency ward (EW). Methods: We performed a retrospective secondary analysis...
Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries
NATURE, v.577, n.7789, p.231-+, 2020
Childhood malnutrition is associated with high morbidity and mortality globally(1). Undernourished children are more likely to experience cognitive, physical, and metabolic developmental impairments that can lead to later cardiovascular disease, reduced intellectual ability and school attainment,...
Nutritional Status and Adverse Outcomes in Older Depressed Inpatients: A Prospective Study
JOURNAL OF NUTRITION HEALTH & AGING, v.25, n.7, p.889-894, 2021
OBJECTIVES: Significant weight loss and/or loss of appetite is a criterion of a depressive episode. While malnutrition is associated with many adverse health outcomes, the impact of malnutrition in late-life depression has hardly been examined. The present study aims to (1) evaluate the prevalenc...
Hypophosphatemia and risk of refeeding syndrome in critically ill patients before and after nutritional therapy
REVISTA DA ASSOCIACAO MEDICA BRASILEIRA, v.66, n.9, p.1241-1246, 2020
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of hypophosphatemia as a marker of refeeding syndrome (RFS) before and after the start of nutritional therapy (NT) in critically ill patients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including 917 adult patients admitted at the intensive core unit (ICU) of a t...