ODS/05 - Igualdade de gênero
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Hepatitis B virus genotypes and subgenotypes and the natural history and epidemiology of hepatitis B
ANNALS OF HEPATOLOGY, v.27, suppl.1, Special Issue, article ID 100574, 7p, 2022
Introduction and Objectives: Espirito Santo state is considered a region with a higher frequency of hepatitis B virus infection. This study characterized demographic, epidemiological, laboratory, virological and clinical aspects of 587 chronic HBV carriers followed up at the University of Espirit...
Associations of Urban Environment Features with Hypertension and Blood Pressure across 230 Latin American Cities
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES, v.130, n.2, article ID 27010, 10p, 2022
BACKGROUND: Features of the urban physical environment may be linked to the development of high blood pressure, a leading risk factor for global burden of disease. OBJECTIVES: We examined associations of urban physical environment features with hypertension and blood pressure measures in adults a...
HIV prevention among gay and other men who have sex with men: public policy and social movements in Brazil, 1983-2019
CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY, v.24, n.6, p.782-796, 2022
This article revisits the history of HIV prevention for gay and other men who have sex with men in relation to public health policy and the role of LGBT and AIDS-related social movements in Brazil. An interpretive study was undertaken informed by philosophical and phenomenological hermeneutics. I...
Knowledge of Hepatitis C virus vertical transmission and subsequent pregnancy outcome in virus-positive female blood donors
BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v.26, n.1, article ID 102334, 4p, 2022
Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be vertically transmitted from mother to fetus. We evaluated knowledge about HCV vertical transmission in female blood donors who became pregnant following detection of HCV in their donated blood. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of fem...
HIV self-test: a tool to expand test uptake among men who have sex with men who have never been tested for HIV in Sao Paulo, Brazil
HIV MEDICINE, v.23, n.5, p.451-456, 2022
Objectives HIV self-testing is an effective tool to improve diagnostic coverage in key populations, enabling linkage to care and access to antiretroviral therapy. Its implementation requires better understanding of patients' perspectives on this novel strategy. The aim of the study was to investi...
Antiviral Response Induced by Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) 7/TLR8 Activation Inhibits Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in Cord Blood Macrophages
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v.225, n.3, p.510-519, 2022
Cord blood macrophages are more susceptible to HIV-1 infection. This vulnerability can be reversed under treatment with the type I interferon adjuvant CL097, which triggers inflammatory and antiviral responses in these cells, attenuating viral replication. Vertical transmission is the main mechan...
HIV risk perceptions and post-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in five Brazilian cities
CIENCIA & SAUDE COLETIVA, v.26, n.11, p.5739-5749, 2021
In the current context of the HIV epi-demic, multiple prevention strategies including biomedical interventions have been presented as alternatives for vulnerable groups. This study investigated homosexuals' and bisexuals' percep-tions of the risk of HIV infection and their expe-riences of using H...
The Protective Effect of Neighbourhood Collective Efficacy On Family Violence and Youth Antisocial Behaviour in Two South Korean Prospective Longitudinal Cohorts
RESEARCH ON CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, v.50, n.3, p.335-347, 2022
Neighbourhood collective efficacy has been proposed as a protective factor against family violence and youth antisocial behaviour. However, little is known about its impact on parent and child behaviour in non-Western countries. Using data from two population-based prospective cohorts from South ...
Testing, Inequities and Vulnerability of Adolescents to Sexually Transmitted Infections
JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH, v.47, n.1, p.118-126, 2022
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) should form part of the comprehensive healthcare agenda for adolescents and young people (A&Y) and testing plays a strategic role in STI prevention. However, little attention has been paid to the social and programmatic obstacles to this practice among A&Y. ...
The role of social support in reducing the impact of violence on adolescents' mental health in Sao Paulo, Brazil
PLOS ONE, v.16, n.10, article ID e0258036, 20p, 2021
Objectives We investigated whether perceived social support among adolescent students moderated the association between violence exposure and internalising symptoms in Sao Paulo city, Brazil. Methods We tested the stress-buffering model using data from the cross-sectional school-based, survey Sao...