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Title: Comprehensive Genetic Analysis of 128 Candidate Genes in a Cohort With Idiopathic, Severe, or Familial Osteoporosis
Authors: ROCHA-BRAZ, Manuela G. M.FRANCA, Monica M.FERNANDES, Adriana M.LERARIO, Antonio M.ZANARDO, Evelin A.SANTANA, Lucas S. deKULIKOWSKI, Leslie D.MARTIN, Regina M.MENDONCA, Berenice B.FERRAZ-DE-SOUZA, Bruno
Citation: JOURNAL OF THE ENDOCRINE SOCIETY, v.4, n.12, 2020
Abstract: Context: The genetic bases of osteoporosis (OP), a disorder with high heritability, are poorly understood at an individual level. Cases of idiopathic or familial OP have long puzzled clinicians as to whether an actionable genetic cause could be identified. Objective: We performed a genetic analysis of 28 cases of idiopathic, severe, or familial osteoporosis using targeted massively parallel sequencing. Design: Targeted sequencing of 128 candidate genes was performed using Illumina NextSeq. Variants of interest were confirmed by Sanger sequencing or SNP array. Patients and Setting: Thirty-seven patients in an academic tertiary hospital participated (54% male; median age, 44 years; 86% with fractures), corresponding to 28 sporadic or familial cases. Main Outcome Measure: The identification of rare stop-gain, indel, splice site, copy-number, or nonsynonymous variants altering protein function. Results: Altogether, we identified 28 variants of interest, but only 3 were classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants: COL1A2 p.(Arg708Gln), WNT1 p.(Gly169Asp), and IDUA p.(His82Gln). An association of variants in different genes was found in 21% of cases, including a young woman with severe OP bearing WNT1, PLS3, and NOTCH2 variants. Among genes of uncertain significance analyzed, a potential additional line of evidence has arisen for GWAS candidates GPR68 and NBR1, warranting further studies. Conclusions: While we hope that continuing efforts to identify genetic predisposition to OP will lead to improved and personalized care in the future, the likelihood of identifying actionable pathogenic variants in intriguing cases of idiopathic or familial osteoporosis is seemingly low.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/25
LIM/25 - Laboratório de Endocrinologia Celular e Molecular

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/36
LIM/36 - Laboratório de Pediatria Clínica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/42
LIM/42 - Laboratório de Hormônios e Genética Molecular

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