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Título: Efficacy and safety of a device used to prevent fogging and residue buildup on surgical optics during video-assisted thoracic surgical procedures (LacrimaSurg): a pilot in vivo study in 30 patients
Autor: ABREU, Igor Renato Louro Bruno deSILVA, Alessandra RodriguesCHIOVATTO, EduardoABRAO, Fernando ConradoYOUNES, Riad NJACOMO, Alfredo Luiz
Resumen: Introduction Nowadays the majority of the surgical procedures are video surgeries. Despite technological advances, some problems remain. The buildup of residues in front of the lens is an example of this problem. To solve it, Abreu et al. (Surg Technol Int 26:43-47, 2015) developed LacrimaSurg, which works as a lacrimal duct in the optics preventing fogging and residues buildup on it. This had 98.1% of efficiency in an experimental study. Objective Study feasibility and safety of the device under real surgical conditions. Materials and Methods A pilot study included 30 patients undergoing thoracic procedures using LacrimaSurg. Procedures were recorded for further analysis by investigators. The characteristics of patients (age, sex, body mass index, Charlton comorbidity index), data of environment (Temperatures variances), and data of procedures (type of surgery and duration of it) were recorded. The investigators watched the videos and recorded the residue buildup and fogging events that impaired surgeon's vision. The number of times the optics got dirty, need for further jets of crystalloid solution, and need for mechanical cleaning were collected to evaluate efficacy. Comparative serum measurements of electrolytes before and after surgery were studied. Data were organized and analyzed by simple linear correlations and t test for continuous variables and Fisher's test for categorical variables. Results The use of the device allowed 97% of the procedures to be performed without interruption. No characteristics inherent to the patients or to the procedures that lead to fogging or filth of the optics were identified. There were no statistically significant differences between pre- and postoperative serum ions, and no postoperative complications related to the use of the device were observed. Conclusion The device was effective in preventing interruption of surgical procedures due to dirt or fogging, its use was considered safe, and did not cause postoperative complications.
Aparece en las colecciones:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCG
Departamento de Cirurgia - FM/MCG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/02
LIM/02 - Laboratório de Anatomia Médico-Cirúrgica

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