Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/45907
Title: A prospective cross-sectional study estimated glomerular filtration rate from creatinine and cystatin C in adults with solid tumors
Authors: SILVA, Veronica T. Costa eJR, Luiz A. GilINKER, Lesley A.CAIRES, Renato A.COSTALONGA, ElersonCOURA-FILHO, GeorgeSAPIENZA, Marcelo T.JR, Gilberto CastroESTEVEZ-DIZ, Maria DpZANETTA, Dirce Maria T.ANTONANGELO, LeilaMARCAL, LiaTIGHIOUART, HocineMIAO, ShiyuanMATHEW, PaulLEVEY, Andrew S.BURDMANN, Emmanuel A.
Citation: KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL, v.101, n.3, p.607-614, 2022
Abstract: Current guidelines recommend estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using creatinine (eGFRcr) with the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation as the first test for GFR evaluation, but the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation is still commonly used in oncology practice and clinical trials despite increasing evidence of its inaccuracy compared to measured GFR (mGFR). Guidelines recommend eGFR using cystatin C (eGFRcys) or both markers (eGFRcr-cys) as a confirmatory test, but neither was carefully evaluated in cancer patients. Therefore, we compared performance of the CKD-EPI equations and others to the CG equation in adults with a variety of solid tumors. The mGFR was determined by plasma clearance of Cr-51-EDTA. Bias was defined as the median of the differences between mGFR and eGFR while accuracy was defined as the percentage of estimates that differed by more than 30% from the measured GFR (1-P30). We prospectively recruited 1,200 patients between April 2015 and September 2017 with a mean age and mGFR of 58.8 years and 78.4 ml/min/1.73m 2 , respectively. Bias among eGFRcr equations varied from -8.1 to +6.1 ml/min/1.73 m(2). CG was the least accurate, 1-P30 (95% confidence interval) was 24.9 (22.4- 27.3)%; CKD-EPI had 1-P30 of 19.1 (16.8-21.2)% while eGFRcr-cys had the best performance: bias -2.0 (-2.6 to -1.1) ml/min/1.73m(2) and 1-P30 7.8 (6.3-9.4)%. Thus, the CG equation should not be preferred over CKD-EPI equation, and eGFRcr-cys can be used as a confirmatory test in adults with solid tumors. Hence, a major policy implication would be to adopt general practice guideline-recommended methods for GFR evaluation in oncology practice and clinical trials.
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