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Title: The Torque Teno Virus Titer in Saliva Reflects the Level of Circulating CD4(+) T Lymphocytes and HIV in Individuals Undergoing Antiretroviral Maintenance Therapy
Authors: HONORATO, LaylaWITKIN, Steven S.MENDES-CORREA, Maria CassiaTOSCANO, Ana Luiza Castro CondeLINHARES, Iara MorenoPAULA, Anderson Vicente dePAIAO, Heuder Gustavo OliveiraPAULA, Vanessa Salete deLOPES, Amanda de OliveiraLIMA, Silvia HelenaRAYMUNDI, Vanessa de CassiaFERREIRA, Noely EvangelistaSILVA JUNIOR, Almir Ribeiro daABRAHIM, Karim YaqubBRAZ-SILVA, Paulo HenriqueTOZETTO-MENDOZA, Tania Regina
Citation: FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, v.8, article ID 809312, 6p, 2022
Abstract: IntroductionTorque teno virus (TTV) is a non-pathogenic virus present in body fluids. Its titer in the circulation increases in association with immune suppression, such as in HIV-infected individuals. We evaluated if the TTV titer in saliva from HIV-positive individuals undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART) was related to the circulating CD4+ T lymphocyte concentration and the HIV titer. MethodsSaliva was collected from 276 asymptomatic individuals undergoing ART, and an additional 48 individuals positive for AIDS-associated Kaposi's Sarcoma (AIDS-KS). The salivary TTV titer was measured by gene amplification analysis. The circulating CD4+ T lymphocyte and HIV levels were obtained by chart review. ResultsTTV was detectable in saliva from 80% of the asymptomatic subjects and 87% of those with AIDS-KS. In the asymptomatic group the median log(10) TTV titer/ml was 3.3 in 200 males vs. 2.4 in 76 females (p < 0.0001). TTV titer/ml was 3.7 when HIV was acquired by intravenous drug usage, 3.2 when by sexual acquisition and 2.4 when blood transfusion acquired. The salivary TTV titer was inversely correlated with the circulating CD4+ T lymphocyte level (p < 0.0001) and positively correlated with the circulating HIV concentration (p = 0.0005). The median salivary TTV titer and circulating HIV titer were higher, and the CD4+ count was lower, in individuals positive for AIDS-KS than in the asymptomatic subjects (p < 0.0001). ConclusionThe TTV titer in saliva is a potential biomarker for monitoring immune status in individuals undergoing ART.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MIP
Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias - FM/MIP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - IMT
Instituto de Medicina Tropical - IMT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/47
LIM/47 - Laboratório de Hepatologia por Vírus

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/52
LIM/52 - Laboratório de Virologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/58
LIM/58 - Laboratório de Ginecologia Estrutural e Molecular

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